Objective: To investigate prostate volume index (PVI), defined as the ratio of volume of the transitional zone on that of the peripheral zone, as a factor stratifying prostate cancer (PCA) risk in patients elected to a first random biopsy set. Methods: The study evaluated 596 patients who were elected to a first random biopsy set because of suspected PCA in a period between September 2010 and September 2015. Prostate volume index was dichotomized to PVI ≤1 vs PVI >1. The multivariate logistic regression model investigated clinical factors with dichotomized PVI associating with PCA. Results: The detection rate of PCA was 49%. The dichotomized PVI >1 stratified PCA risk (odds ratio [OR] 0.455; p<0.0001) beyond age (OR 1.062; p<0.0001), PSA (OR 1.167; p<0.0001), PV (OR 0.957; p<0.0001), and abnormal digital rectal examination (OR 2.094; p<0.0001). The goodness of fit statistics assessed model efficacy. Conclusions: A large cohort of patients elected to a first random biopsy set had PCA risk stratified by dichotomized PVI beyond other clinical independent factors. Confirmatory studies are required.

Prostate volume index stratified prostate cancer risk in patients elected to a first random biopsy set

Siracusano, Salvatore;
2017

Abstract

Objective: To investigate prostate volume index (PVI), defined as the ratio of volume of the transitional zone on that of the peripheral zone, as a factor stratifying prostate cancer (PCA) risk in patients elected to a first random biopsy set. Methods: The study evaluated 596 patients who were elected to a first random biopsy set because of suspected PCA in a period between September 2010 and September 2015. Prostate volume index was dichotomized to PVI ≤1 vs PVI >1. The multivariate logistic regression model investigated clinical factors with dichotomized PVI associating with PCA. Results: The detection rate of PCA was 49%. The dichotomized PVI >1 stratified PCA risk (odds ratio [OR] 0.455; p<0.0001) beyond age (OR 1.062; p<0.0001), PSA (OR 1.167; p<0.0001), PV (OR 0.957; p<0.0001), and abnormal digital rectal examination (OR 2.094; p<0.0001). The goodness of fit statistics assessed model efficacy. Conclusions: A large cohort of patients elected to a first random biopsy set had PCA risk stratified by dichotomized PVI beyond other clinical independent factors. Confirmatory studies are required.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/156742
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact