Our objective was to determine if urinary bladder distention modifies the sensitivity of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex in hypertensive and control subjects. The baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity was measured in 15 male patients (mean age 37 ± 8 years) with mild untreated hypertension (mean 163 ± 8/95 ± 12 mmHg) and 17 age- and sex-matched control subjects before and after urinary bladder distention. Bladder filling was performed infusing saline heated to 37°C via a urinary catheter; the volume infused in each patient corresponded to that which caused the urge to void without reaching the pain threshold. The baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity was determined correlating the variations of the systolic pressure and of the peak blood flow velocity in the common carotid artery with the variations of the ECG RR' interval of the following heart beat, both during spontaneous and phenylephrine-induced fluctuations of the haemodynamic variables. After bladder distention the diastolic pressure of the hypertensive subjects increased significantly (95 ± 12 vs. 100 ± 12 mmHg; P < 0.02), whereas the heart rate decreased (RR = 873 ± 70 vs. 926 ± 80 ms; P < 0.005). These parameters were unchanged in the normotensive subjects (84 ± 9 vs. 83 ± 8 mmHg and 914 ± 158 vs. 913 ± 140 ms, respectively). The baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity, measured on the basis of spontaneous pressure and carotid blood flow velocity fluctuations in relationship to RR changes, decreased in the normotensive subjects after bladder distention (10.7 ± 4.6 vs. 9.4 ± 2.7 ms/mmHg; P < 0.05 and 423 ± 99 vs. 356 ± 102 ms/kHz; P < 0.01, respectively), whereas it increased in the hypertensive patients (6.9 ± 3.6 vs. 8.3 ± 2.8 ms/mmHg; P < 0.03, and 332 ± 86 vs. 381 ± 97 ms/kHz; P < 0.03 respectively). After bladder distention and phenylephrine administration the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity, measured by the correlation between systolic pressure and RR interval, increased only in the hypertensive group (10.2 ± 5.4 vs. 15.2 ± 7.7 ms/mmHg; P < 0.005). In conclusion urinary bladder distention provokes in hypertensives but not normotensive controls a brisk parasympathetic response of the component of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex which controls heart rate.
|Titolo:||Baroreceptor-heart rate reflex sensitivity enhancement after urinary bladder distention in essential hypertensives|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|