A three-dimensional continuum theory for fibrous mechanical metamaterials is proposed, in which the fibers are assumed to be spatial Kirchhoff rods whose mechanical response is controlled by a deformation field and a rotation field, the former accounting for strain of the rod and the latter for flexure and twist of the rod as it deforms. This leads naturally to a model based on Cosserat elasticity. Rigidity constraints are introduced that effectively reduce the model to a variant of second-gradient elasticity theory.
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