Naturally occurring catalytic substances are employed in biomass steam-gasification processes to enhance the yield of fuel gas and reduce its tar content by cracking and reforming the high molecular weight organic components. Calcined dolomite is widely used for this purpose; it exhibits good catalytic activity under the operating conditions of the gasifier. However, due to its poor mechanical strength, it gives rise to a large production of fines in a fluidised-bed environment. This work reports an investigation into the catalytic behaviour of olivine, a common, naturally occurring mineral containing magnesium, iron oxides and silica: iron is known to play a positive role in tar decomposition reactions. The gasification runs, performed with a laboratory scale, biomass gasification unit, show that the olivine activity is close to that exhibited by dolomite under comparable operating conditions. Olivine has the additional advantage, however, that its resistance to attrition in the fluidised bed is much greater, similar to that of sand. Parametric sensitivity studies of a gasification process, utilising olivine as the fluidised-bed inventory, indicate an optimum gasification temperature of just above 800 degreesC, and little influence of the steam/biomass ratio in the range 0.5-1. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Steam-gasification of biomass in a fluidised-bed of olivine particles

JAND, NADER;FOSCOLO, Pier Ugo
2000

Abstract

Naturally occurring catalytic substances are employed in biomass steam-gasification processes to enhance the yield of fuel gas and reduce its tar content by cracking and reforming the high molecular weight organic components. Calcined dolomite is widely used for this purpose; it exhibits good catalytic activity under the operating conditions of the gasifier. However, due to its poor mechanical strength, it gives rise to a large production of fines in a fluidised-bed environment. This work reports an investigation into the catalytic behaviour of olivine, a common, naturally occurring mineral containing magnesium, iron oxides and silica: iron is known to play a positive role in tar decomposition reactions. The gasification runs, performed with a laboratory scale, biomass gasification unit, show that the olivine activity is close to that exhibited by dolomite under comparable operating conditions. Olivine has the additional advantage, however, that its resistance to attrition in the fluidised bed is much greater, similar to that of sand. Parametric sensitivity studies of a gasification process, utilising olivine as the fluidised-bed inventory, indicate an optimum gasification temperature of just above 800 degreesC, and little influence of the steam/biomass ratio in the range 0.5-1. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/15766
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