Malignant melanomas metastasise to the bone and enhance osteoclast bone resorption. We demonstrated that a 48-h-B16 melanoma cell conditioned media (B16CM) induced osteoclastogenesis in mouse bone marrow cultures, without the requirement of B16 cell-bone marrow cell co-culture. B16 cells transcriptionally expressed detectable levels of TGF beta1, IL-6, M-CSF, GM-CSF and TNF alpha mRNAs, albeit to a lower extent compared with levels in osteoblasts, and failed to express PTHrP, OPGL, OPG and IL-1 beta. interestingly, B16CM greatly upregulated IL-1 beta, IL-6 and GM-CSF, and modestly enhanced TNF alpha and OPGL mRNA expression in osteoblasts, suggesting a potential indirect stimulation of osteoclastogenesis via the osteogenic lineage. B16CM barely upregulated c-Fos, but strongly and time-dependently enhanced c-Src expression in the total hone marrow cultures during osteoclast differentiation. Moreover, c-Src expression was enhanced in differentiated and purified osteoclast preparations to higher levels than in stromal cells. In conclusion. melanoma induces osteoclast generation with a paracrine mechanism independent of cell-cell contact, specifically upregulating c-Src in osteoclasts acid cytokine expression in osteoblasts. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Melanoma cells stimulate osteoclastogenesis, c-src expression and osteoblast cytokines

BOLOGNA, Mauro;TETI, ANNA MARIA
2001

Abstract

Malignant melanomas metastasise to the bone and enhance osteoclast bone resorption. We demonstrated that a 48-h-B16 melanoma cell conditioned media (B16CM) induced osteoclastogenesis in mouse bone marrow cultures, without the requirement of B16 cell-bone marrow cell co-culture. B16 cells transcriptionally expressed detectable levels of TGF beta1, IL-6, M-CSF, GM-CSF and TNF alpha mRNAs, albeit to a lower extent compared with levels in osteoblasts, and failed to express PTHrP, OPGL, OPG and IL-1 beta. interestingly, B16CM greatly upregulated IL-1 beta, IL-6 and GM-CSF, and modestly enhanced TNF alpha and OPGL mRNA expression in osteoblasts, suggesting a potential indirect stimulation of osteoclastogenesis via the osteogenic lineage. B16CM barely upregulated c-Fos, but strongly and time-dependently enhanced c-Src expression in the total hone marrow cultures during osteoclast differentiation. Moreover, c-Src expression was enhanced in differentiated and purified osteoclast preparations to higher levels than in stromal cells. In conclusion. melanoma induces osteoclast generation with a paracrine mechanism independent of cell-cell contact, specifically upregulating c-Src in osteoclasts acid cytokine expression in osteoblasts. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/1579
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