We consider the reduced constrained linear Cosserat continuum, a particular type of a Cosserat medium, for three different material behaviors or symmetries: the isotropic elastic case, a special type of elastic transversely isotropic case, and the isotropic viscoelastic case. Such continua, in which stresses do not work on rates of microrotation gradients, behave as acoustic metamaterials for the (pure) shear waves and also for one branch of the mixed wave in the considered anisotropic material case. In elastic media, those waves do not propagate for frequencies exceeding a certain threshold, whence these media exhibit a single negative acoustic metamaterial behavior in this range. In the isotropic viscoelastic case, dissipation destroys the bandgap and favors wave propagation. This curious effect is, probably, due to the fact that the bandgap is associated not with the dissipation, but with the wave localization which can be destroyed by the viscosity. The dispersion curve is now decreasing in some part of the former bandgap, above a certain frequency, whence the medium is a double negative acoustic metamaterial. We prove the existence of a boundary wavenumber in the viscoelastic case and estimate its value. Below the characteristic frequency corresponding to the boundary of the elastic bandgap, the wave attenuation (logarithmic decrement) is a growing function of the viscous dissipation parameter. Above this frequency, the attenuation decreases as the viscosity increases.

Reduced linear constrained elastic and viscoelastic homogeneous cosserat media as acoustic metamaterials

dell'Isola F.
2020

Abstract

We consider the reduced constrained linear Cosserat continuum, a particular type of a Cosserat medium, for three different material behaviors or symmetries: the isotropic elastic case, a special type of elastic transversely isotropic case, and the isotropic viscoelastic case. Such continua, in which stresses do not work on rates of microrotation gradients, behave as acoustic metamaterials for the (pure) shear waves and also for one branch of the mixed wave in the considered anisotropic material case. In elastic media, those waves do not propagate for frequencies exceeding a certain threshold, whence these media exhibit a single negative acoustic metamaterial behavior in this range. In the isotropic viscoelastic case, dissipation destroys the bandgap and favors wave propagation. This curious effect is, probably, due to the fact that the bandgap is associated not with the dissipation, but with the wave localization which can be destroyed by the viscosity. The dispersion curve is now decreasing in some part of the former bandgap, above a certain frequency, whence the medium is a double negative acoustic metamaterial. We prove the existence of a boundary wavenumber in the viscoelastic case and estimate its value. Below the characteristic frequency corresponding to the boundary of the elastic bandgap, the wave attenuation (logarithmic decrement) is a growing function of the viscous dissipation parameter. Above this frequency, the attenuation decreases as the viscosity increases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/158780
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