In this paper, we discuss well-posedness of the boundary-value problems arising in some “gradient-incomplete” strain-gradient elasticity models, which appear in the study of homogenized models for a large class of metamaterials whose microstructures can be regarded as beam lattices constrained with internal pivots. We use the attribute “gradient-incomplete” strain-gradient elasticity for a model in which the considered strain energy density depends on displacements and only on some specific partial derivatives among those constituting displacements first and second gradients. So, unlike to the models of strain-gradient elasticity considered up-to-now, the strain energy density which we consider here is in a sense degenerated, since it does not contain the full set of second derivatives of the displacement field. Such mathematical problem was motivated by a recently introduced new class of metamaterials (whose microstructure is constituted by the so-called pantographic beam lattices) and by woven fabrics. Indeed, as from the physical point of view such materials are strongly anisotropic, it is not surprising that the mathematical models to be introduced must reflect such property also by considering an expression for deformation energy involving only some among the higher partial derivatives of displacement fields. As a consequence, the differential operators considered here, in the framework of introduced models, are neither elliptic nor strong elliptic as, in general, they belong to the class so-called hypoelliptic operators. Following (Eremeyev et al. in J Elast 132:175–196, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10659-017-9660-3) we present well-posedness results in the case of the boundary-value problems for small (linearized) spatial deformations of pantographic sheets, i.e., 2D continua, when deforming in 3D space. In order to prove the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions, we introduce a class of subsets of anisotropic Sobolev’s space defined as the energy space E relative to specifically assigned boundary conditions. As introduced by Sergey M. Nikolskii, an anisotropic Sobolev space consists of functions having different differential properties in different coordinate directions.

On existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for linear pantographic beam lattices models

dell'Isola F.;Turco E.;
2019

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss well-posedness of the boundary-value problems arising in some “gradient-incomplete” strain-gradient elasticity models, which appear in the study of homogenized models for a large class of metamaterials whose microstructures can be regarded as beam lattices constrained with internal pivots. We use the attribute “gradient-incomplete” strain-gradient elasticity for a model in which the considered strain energy density depends on displacements and only on some specific partial derivatives among those constituting displacements first and second gradients. So, unlike to the models of strain-gradient elasticity considered up-to-now, the strain energy density which we consider here is in a sense degenerated, since it does not contain the full set of second derivatives of the displacement field. Such mathematical problem was motivated by a recently introduced new class of metamaterials (whose microstructure is constituted by the so-called pantographic beam lattices) and by woven fabrics. Indeed, as from the physical point of view such materials are strongly anisotropic, it is not surprising that the mathematical models to be introduced must reflect such property also by considering an expression for deformation energy involving only some among the higher partial derivatives of displacement fields. As a consequence, the differential operators considered here, in the framework of introduced models, are neither elliptic nor strong elliptic as, in general, they belong to the class so-called hypoelliptic operators. Following (Eremeyev et al. in J Elast 132:175–196, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10659-017-9660-3) we present well-posedness results in the case of the boundary-value problems for small (linearized) spatial deformations of pantographic sheets, i.e., 2D continua, when deforming in 3D space. In order to prove the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions, we introduce a class of subsets of anisotropic Sobolev’s space defined as the energy space E relative to specifically assigned boundary conditions. As introduced by Sergey M. Nikolskii, an anisotropic Sobolev space consists of functions having different differential properties in different coordinate directions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/158971
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