The expression of the cell adhesion molecules ICAM-1, ICAM-2, and VCAM-1 and the secretion of the cytokine interleukin 6 have been measured in mouse Sertoli cells cultured in vitro. Cytometric analysis revealed that, in basal conditions, low levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were present on the surface of the cells, whereas treatment with interleukin 1, tumor necrosis factor alpha, lipopolysaccharide, or interferon gamma induced, with different kinetics, increases in their expression. ICAM-2 was not detectable in basal conditions, nor was it inducible. Electron microscopic analysis and binding experiments using 51Cr-labeled lymphocytes demonstrated that increased expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on the surface of Sertoli cells, induced by inflammatory mediators, determines an augmented adhesion between the two cell types. The same stimuli, with the exception of interferon gamma, produced a rapid and remarkable increment of interleukin 6 production by Sertoli cells. These results suggest the presence of both direct and paracrine mechanisms of interaction between Sertoli and immune-competent cells, possibly involved in the control of immune reactions in the testis. Such mechanisms are of interest for the understanding of autoimmune pathologies of the testis and, if confirmed in humans, they could be involved in the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus infection.

Inflammatory mediators increase surface expression of integrin ligands, adhesion to lymphocytes, and secretion of interleukin 6 in mouse Sertoli cells

DE CESARIS, Paola;
1995-01-01

Abstract

The expression of the cell adhesion molecules ICAM-1, ICAM-2, and VCAM-1 and the secretion of the cytokine interleukin 6 have been measured in mouse Sertoli cells cultured in vitro. Cytometric analysis revealed that, in basal conditions, low levels of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were present on the surface of the cells, whereas treatment with interleukin 1, tumor necrosis factor alpha, lipopolysaccharide, or interferon gamma induced, with different kinetics, increases in their expression. ICAM-2 was not detectable in basal conditions, nor was it inducible. Electron microscopic analysis and binding experiments using 51Cr-labeled lymphocytes demonstrated that increased expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on the surface of Sertoli cells, induced by inflammatory mediators, determines an augmented adhesion between the two cell types. The same stimuli, with the exception of interferon gamma, produced a rapid and remarkable increment of interleukin 6 production by Sertoli cells. These results suggest the presence of both direct and paracrine mechanisms of interaction between Sertoli and immune-competent cells, possibly involved in the control of immune reactions in the testis. Such mechanisms are of interest for the understanding of autoimmune pathologies of the testis and, if confirmed in humans, they could be involved in the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/15917
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