Water oxidation in photosynthetic organisms occurs through the five intermediate steps S-0-S-4 of the Kok cycle in the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II (PSII). Along the catalytic cycle, four electrons are subsequently removed from the Mn4CaO5 core by the nearby tyrosine Tyr-Z, which is in turn oxidized by the chlorophyll special pair P680, the photo-induced primary donor in PSII. Recently, two Mn4CaO5 conformations, consistent with the S-2 state (namely, S-2(A) and S-2(B) models) were suggested to exist, perhaps playing a different role within the S-2-to-S-3 transition. Here we report multiscale ab initio density functional theory plus U simulations revealing that upon such oxidation the relative thermodynamic stability of the two previously proposed geometries is reversed, the S-2(B) state becoming the leading conformation. In this latter state a proton coupled electron transfer is spontaneously observed at similar to 100 fs at room temperature dynamics. Upon oxidation, the Mn cluster, which is tightly electronically coupled along dynamics to the Tyr-Z tyrosyl group, releases a proton from the nearby W1 water molecule to the close Asp-61 on the femtosecond timescale, thus undergoing a conformational transition increasing the available space for the subsequent coordination of an additional water molecule. The results can help to rationalize previous spectroscopic experiments and confirm, for the first time to our knowledge, that the water-splitting reaction has to proceed through the S-2(B) conformation, providing the basis for a structural model of the S-3 state.

Pathway for Mn-cluster oxidation by tyrosine-Z in the S-2 state of photosystem II

Narzi Daniele;GUIDONI, Leonardo
2014-01-01

Abstract

Water oxidation in photosynthetic organisms occurs through the five intermediate steps S-0-S-4 of the Kok cycle in the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II (PSII). Along the catalytic cycle, four electrons are subsequently removed from the Mn4CaO5 core by the nearby tyrosine Tyr-Z, which is in turn oxidized by the chlorophyll special pair P680, the photo-induced primary donor in PSII. Recently, two Mn4CaO5 conformations, consistent with the S-2 state (namely, S-2(A) and S-2(B) models) were suggested to exist, perhaps playing a different role within the S-2-to-S-3 transition. Here we report multiscale ab initio density functional theory plus U simulations revealing that upon such oxidation the relative thermodynamic stability of the two previously proposed geometries is reversed, the S-2(B) state becoming the leading conformation. In this latter state a proton coupled electron transfer is spontaneously observed at similar to 100 fs at room temperature dynamics. Upon oxidation, the Mn cluster, which is tightly electronically coupled along dynamics to the Tyr-Z tyrosyl group, releases a proton from the nearby W1 water molecule to the close Asp-61 on the femtosecond timescale, thus undergoing a conformational transition increasing the available space for the subsequent coordination of an additional water molecule. The results can help to rationalize previous spectroscopic experiments and confirm, for the first time to our knowledge, that the water-splitting reaction has to proceed through the S-2(B) conformation, providing the basis for a structural model of the S-3 state.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/15922
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