Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with low intracolonic pH and unbalanced transmucosal ionic exchanges. Along the gastrointestinal tract carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme I (CA-I) is specifically expressed in colon epithelium and is involved in mucosal control of ion, fluid, and acid-base balance. Since altered CA-I expression may play some role in UC, CA-I was measured at the mRNA and protein level and carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme activity was determined in colon biopsies of 14 UC patients (6 remission, 4 mild, 4 moderate UC) and of 12 healthy subjects. Patients with mild or moderate UC showed a significant reduction of CA-I mRNA and protein and of total CA activity in the inflamed mucosa compared to controls. Patients with UC in remission showed a pattern of CA-I expression and CA activity similar to controls. This is the first report showing a reduction in the expression of CA-I in active UC.

Carbonic andhydrase I reduction in colonic mucosa of patients with active ulcerative colitis. Dig. Dis. Sci. 1998,43:2086-2092

LATELLA, GIOVANNI;
1998

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with low intracolonic pH and unbalanced transmucosal ionic exchanges. Along the gastrointestinal tract carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme I (CA-I) is specifically expressed in colon epithelium and is involved in mucosal control of ion, fluid, and acid-base balance. Since altered CA-I expression may play some role in UC, CA-I was measured at the mRNA and protein level and carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzyme activity was determined in colon biopsies of 14 UC patients (6 remission, 4 mild, 4 moderate UC) and of 12 healthy subjects. Patients with mild or moderate UC showed a significant reduction of CA-I mRNA and protein and of total CA activity in the inflamed mucosa compared to controls. Patients with UC in remission showed a pattern of CA-I expression and CA activity similar to controls. This is the first report showing a reduction in the expression of CA-I in active UC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/15937
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