Background: Because of the fear of being infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), patients with nephrolithiasis, who choose to stay home, may suffer serious complications such as obstructive uropathy, deterioration of renal function, sepsis, and death. We present such a case that led to renal failure and necessitated emergent urologic intervention. Case Presentation: A 60-year-old Caucasian man presented with right flank pain, dizziness, and dyspnea at the emergency room. History was significant for a previous diagnosis of right renal pelvic stone that was scheduled for retrograde intrarenal surgery before the pandemic lockdown. Upon evaluation, he was found to have an elevated creatinine of 40.2 mg/dL, bilateral hydronephrosis, pericardial and pleural effusion. The patient underwent emergency hemodialysis, followed by preliminary bilateral percutaneous nephrostomy, and subsequently by ureteral stenting. He was discharged stable with the future plan for endoscopic stone management. Conclusions: In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, urologists should follow up all known kidney stone patients, regularly assess their condition, and prioritize those who need urgent care. Patient education and telemedicine are useful tools for this purpose and may help minimize the risk of complications during a community lockdown.
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