Counterfactualthinkingisthinkingaboutapastthatdidnothappen.Thisisoftenthecasein“ifonly...”situations,wherewewishsomethinghadorhadnothappened.Tomakeachoiceinamoraldecision-makingsituationisparticularlyhardand,therefore,maybeoftenassociatedwiththeimaginationofadifferentoutcome.Themainaimofthepresentstudyistoinvestigatecounterfactualthinkinginthecontextofmoralreasoning.WeusedamodifiedversionofGreene’smoraldilemmastest,studyingboththetimeneededtoprovideacounterfactualinthefirstandthirdpersonandthetypeofgivenresponse(incontext-outofcontext)inasampleof90healthysubjects.Wefoundalongerresponsetimeforpersonalvs.impersonalmoraldilemmas.Thiseffectwasenhancedinthefirstpersonperspective,whileintheelderlytherewasanoverallslowingofresponsetime.Outofcontext/omissiveresponsesweremorefrequentinthecaseofpersonalmoraldilemmaspresentedinthefirstpersonversion,withfemalesshowingamarkedincreaseinthiskindofresponse.Thesefindingssuggestthatgenderandperspectivehaveacriticalroleincounterfactualthinkinginthecontextofmoralreasoning,andmayhaveimplicationsfortheunderstandingofgender-relatedinclinationsaswellasdifferencesinmoraljudgment.

Counterfactual thinking in moral judgement: an experimental study

CURCIO, GIUSEPPE;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Counterfactualthinkingisthinkingaboutapastthatdidnothappen.Thisisoftenthecasein“ifonly...”situations,wherewewishsomethinghadorhadnothappened.Tomakeachoiceinamoraldecision-makingsituationisparticularlyhardand,therefore,maybeoftenassociatedwiththeimaginationofadifferentoutcome.Themainaimofthepresentstudyistoinvestigatecounterfactualthinkinginthecontextofmoralreasoning.WeusedamodifiedversionofGreene’smoraldilemmastest,studyingboththetimeneededtoprovideacounterfactualinthefirstandthirdpersonandthetypeofgivenresponse(incontext-outofcontext)inasampleof90healthysubjects.Wefoundalongerresponsetimeforpersonalvs.impersonalmoraldilemmas.Thiseffectwasenhancedinthefirstpersonperspective,whileintheelderlytherewasanoverallslowingofresponsetime.Outofcontext/omissiveresponsesweremorefrequentinthecaseofpersonalmoraldilemmaspresentedinthefirstpersonversion,withfemalesshowingamarkedincreaseinthiskindofresponse.Thesefindingssuggestthatgenderandperspectivehaveacriticalroleincounterfactualthinkinginthecontextofmoralreasoning,andmayhaveimplicationsfortheunderstandingofgender-relatedinclinationsaswellasdifferencesinmoraljudgment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/16004
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