AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the correlations between cannabis use and psychopathological features, disorder severity and global functioning in subjects with onset psychosis (schizophrenic and bipolar psychosis) and at risk mental state. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven consecutive subjects with diagnosis of bipolar spectrum disorder (N=49), schizophrenic spectrum disorder (N=5) and at risk mental state (N=13) were recruited from the SMILE (Service for Monitoring and early Intervention Looking at the fight against the onset of mental Even psychological youths' suffering). All subjects were assessed with the Self Report Symptom Inventory-90 (SCL-90), the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF) and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S). Moreover, they were assessed for the cannabis use in the last month. RESULTS: The total sample was splitted in two groups: Group 1 of cannabis use subjects (N=30) and Group 2 of no cannabis use subjects (N=37). Group 1 subjects showed significant higher scores at psychoticism SCL-90 dimension and at CGI-S than Group 2 subjects. The higher scores at anger/hostility and psychoticism SCL-90 dimensions and at CGI-S seem to be discriminant features of Group 1 cannabis use subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The data reported suggest that cannabis use assessment in onset psychosis (bipolar and schizophrenic onset) and at risk mental state could add clinical information to the psychopathological and diagnostic description. Such information should be ''incorporated'' in the treatment choice model and outcome prediction assessment.

Cannabis use and psychosis onset: From epidemiology to clinical practice(Article) [Uso di cannabis ed esordi psicotici: Dall'epidemiologia alla clinica]

RONCONE, RITA;CIFONE, MARIA GRAZIA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the correlations between cannabis use and psychopathological features, disorder severity and global functioning in subjects with onset psychosis (schizophrenic and bipolar psychosis) and at risk mental state. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven consecutive subjects with diagnosis of bipolar spectrum disorder (N=49), schizophrenic spectrum disorder (N=5) and at risk mental state (N=13) were recruited from the SMILE (Service for Monitoring and early Intervention Looking at the fight against the onset of mental Even psychological youths' suffering). All subjects were assessed with the Self Report Symptom Inventory-90 (SCL-90), the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF) and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S). Moreover, they were assessed for the cannabis use in the last month. RESULTS: The total sample was splitted in two groups: Group 1 of cannabis use subjects (N=30) and Group 2 of no cannabis use subjects (N=37). Group 1 subjects showed significant higher scores at psychoticism SCL-90 dimension and at CGI-S than Group 2 subjects. The higher scores at anger/hostility and psychoticism SCL-90 dimensions and at CGI-S seem to be discriminant features of Group 1 cannabis use subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The data reported suggest that cannabis use assessment in onset psychosis (bipolar and schizophrenic onset) and at risk mental state could add clinical information to the psychopathological and diagnostic description. Such information should be ''incorporated'' in the treatment choice model and outcome prediction assessment.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/16017
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact