With the advent of SiC devices, the packed U-Cell converter has become a promising topology among the multilevel converters for medium voltage DSTATCOM application. It utilizes fewer components while achieving the maximum voltage levels with higher reliability. However, as a reactive power compensator, its dc-link consists of flying capacitors, whose voltages must be balanced which presents a challenging problem for a seven-level packed U-Cell inverter, as there are no-redundant switching states. This paper proposes a novel control scheme to keep these flying capacitors balanced under normal/abnormal grid conditions. It consists of a standard cascaded: inner and outer controllers. The inner current controller regulates both the active and reactive currents and the outer controller regulates the upper flying capacitor voltage. In parallel with the cascaded controllers, a novel model predictive voltage balancing controller is proposed to maintain the lower flying capacitor voltage at a given setpoint. To cope with the unbalance grid conditions, an additional zero-sequence injection regulator is also integrated into the designed control scheme. The proposed control scheme was simulated and real-time tested on the Hardware-In-the-Loop system. The results show that the proposed controller effectively balances the two flying capacitor voltages while controlling the reactive power.

A novel control scheme for three-phase seven-level packed U-Cell based DSTATCOM

Khalid H. A.;Cecati C.
2020

Abstract

With the advent of SiC devices, the packed U-Cell converter has become a promising topology among the multilevel converters for medium voltage DSTATCOM application. It utilizes fewer components while achieving the maximum voltage levels with higher reliability. However, as a reactive power compensator, its dc-link consists of flying capacitors, whose voltages must be balanced which presents a challenging problem for a seven-level packed U-Cell inverter, as there are no-redundant switching states. This paper proposes a novel control scheme to keep these flying capacitors balanced under normal/abnormal grid conditions. It consists of a standard cascaded: inner and outer controllers. The inner current controller regulates both the active and reactive currents and the outer controller regulates the upper flying capacitor voltage. In parallel with the cascaded controllers, a novel model predictive voltage balancing controller is proposed to maintain the lower flying capacitor voltage at a given setpoint. To cope with the unbalance grid conditions, an additional zero-sequence injection regulator is also integrated into the designed control scheme. The proposed control scheme was simulated and real-time tested on the Hardware-In-the-Loop system. The results show that the proposed controller effectively balances the two flying capacitor voltages while controlling the reactive power.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/161155
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