We determine the phase diagram of mixtures of spherical colloids and neutral nonadsorbing polymers in the thermal crossover region between the θ point and the good-solvent regime. We use the generalized free-volume theory, which takes into account the polymer-concentration dependence of the depletion thickness and of the polymer compressibility. This approach turns out to be quite accurate as long as q = Rg/Rc 1 (Rg is the radius of gyration of the polymer and Rc is the colloid radius). We find that, close to the θ point, the phase diagram is not very sensitive to solvent quality, while, close to the good-solvent region, changes of the solvent quality modify significantly the posi- tion of the critical point and of the binodals. We also analyze the phase behavior of aqueous solutions of charged colloids and polymers, using the approach proposed by Fortini et al. [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 17, 7783 (2005)].

Phase diagram of mixtures of colloids and polymers in the thermal crossover from good to θ solvent

PIERLEONI, CARLO
2014

Abstract

We determine the phase diagram of mixtures of spherical colloids and neutral nonadsorbing polymers in the thermal crossover region between the θ point and the good-solvent regime. We use the generalized free-volume theory, which takes into account the polymer-concentration dependence of the depletion thickness and of the polymer compressibility. This approach turns out to be quite accurate as long as q = Rg/Rc 1 (Rg is the radius of gyration of the polymer and Rc is the colloid radius). We find that, close to the θ point, the phase diagram is not very sensitive to solvent quality, while, close to the good-solvent region, changes of the solvent quality modify significantly the posi- tion of the critical point and of the binodals. We also analyze the phase behavior of aqueous solutions of charged colloids and polymers, using the approach proposed by Fortini et al. [J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 17, 7783 (2005)].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/16120
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact