The complexation processes of N,N’-dibutyl-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimide (NDI) into two types of π-electron-rich molecular containers consisting of two Zn(II)-porphyrins connected by four flexible linkers of two different lengths, were characterized by means of absorption and emission spectroscopies and molecular dynamics simulation. Notably, the addition of NDI leads to a strong quenching of the fluorescence of both cages only when they are in an open conformation suitable for guest encapsulation, a situation triggered by silver(I) ions binding to the lateral triazoles. Molecular dynamics simulations confirm the fast binding of NDI, likely assisted by NDI-silver(I) interactions. Upon NDI complexation, the two porphyrin macrocycles get closer, with an optimized face to face orientation, suggesting an induced-fit mechanism through π–π interactions with the NDI aromatic cycle. Ultrafast transient absorption experiments allowed to identify the process of quenching of the Zn-porphyrin fluorescence as an efficient photoinduced electron transfer reaction between the cage porphyrin and the included NDI guest. The process occurs on fast and ultrafast time scales in the two complexes (1.5 ps and ≤300 fs) leading to a short-lived charge separated state (charge recombination lifetimes in the order of 30–40 ps). The combined computational and experimental approach used here is able to furnish a reliable model of the NDI-cage complexation mechanism and of the corresponding electron transfer reaction, attesting the allosteric control of both processes by the silver(I) ions.

Allosteric Control of Naphthalene Diimide Encapsulation and Electron Transfer in Porphyrin Containers: Photophysical Studies and Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Daidone I.
;
2020

Abstract

The complexation processes of N,N’-dibutyl-1,4,5,8-naphthalene diimide (NDI) into two types of π-electron-rich molecular containers consisting of two Zn(II)-porphyrins connected by four flexible linkers of two different lengths, were characterized by means of absorption and emission spectroscopies and molecular dynamics simulation. Notably, the addition of NDI leads to a strong quenching of the fluorescence of both cages only when they are in an open conformation suitable for guest encapsulation, a situation triggered by silver(I) ions binding to the lateral triazoles. Molecular dynamics simulations confirm the fast binding of NDI, likely assisted by NDI-silver(I) interactions. Upon NDI complexation, the two porphyrin macrocycles get closer, with an optimized face to face orientation, suggesting an induced-fit mechanism through π–π interactions with the NDI aromatic cycle. Ultrafast transient absorption experiments allowed to identify the process of quenching of the Zn-porphyrin fluorescence as an efficient photoinduced electron transfer reaction between the cage porphyrin and the included NDI guest. The process occurs on fast and ultrafast time scales in the two complexes (1.5 ps and ≤300 fs) leading to a short-lived charge separated state (charge recombination lifetimes in the order of 30–40 ps). The combined computational and experimental approach used here is able to furnish a reliable model of the NDI-cage complexation mechanism and of the corresponding electron transfer reaction, attesting the allosteric control of both processes by the silver(I) ions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/164634
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