Homogeneous low-crested structures (HLCSs) on hard seabed are designed to protect beaches and regenerate coral reefs. The height of a HLCS depends on the placement grid which determines the crest freeboard, wave transmission and concrete consumption. In real seafloor conditions, it is not easy to define feasible placement grids for HLCSs on uneven sea bottoms. In this study, the parameters of the numerical model Bullet Physics Engine (BPE) are calibrated and validated using the results of small-scale physical model placement tests of five-layer Cubipod HLCSs on horizontal rigid bottom. The BPE model showed a low sensitivity to variations in the calibrated parameters; the numerical model estimated the layer coefficients with global mean relative errors of 1.04% and 1.39% in the triangular and rectangular placements grids, respectively. Once the numerical model was calibrated, new numerical and physical model tests on a 4% rigid bottom slope were compared for validation. A five-layer Cubipod HLCS on a 4% bottom slope was simulated using the BPE numerical model showing a global mean relative error of 2.75% compared to the small-scale physical model tests. A good agreement was found between numerical and physical model tests of five-layer Cubipod HLCSs on both horizontal as well as 4% rigid bottom slope. The BPE numerical model was found a suitable tool to estimate the structure height of HLCSs and to optimize placement grids of HLCSs on real cases with hard sea bottom.

Estimation of layer coefficients of cubipod homogeneous low-crested structures using physical and numerical model placement tests

Di Risio, M.;
2021

Abstract

Homogeneous low-crested structures (HLCSs) on hard seabed are designed to protect beaches and regenerate coral reefs. The height of a HLCS depends on the placement grid which determines the crest freeboard, wave transmission and concrete consumption. In real seafloor conditions, it is not easy to define feasible placement grids for HLCSs on uneven sea bottoms. In this study, the parameters of the numerical model Bullet Physics Engine (BPE) are calibrated and validated using the results of small-scale physical model placement tests of five-layer Cubipod HLCSs on horizontal rigid bottom. The BPE model showed a low sensitivity to variations in the calibrated parameters; the numerical model estimated the layer coefficients with global mean relative errors of 1.04% and 1.39% in the triangular and rectangular placements grids, respectively. Once the numerical model was calibrated, new numerical and physical model tests on a 4% rigid bottom slope were compared for validation. A five-layer Cubipod HLCS on a 4% bottom slope was simulated using the BPE numerical model showing a global mean relative error of 2.75% compared to the small-scale physical model tests. A good agreement was found between numerical and physical model tests of five-layer Cubipod HLCSs on both horizontal as well as 4% rigid bottom slope. The BPE numerical model was found a suitable tool to estimate the structure height of HLCSs and to optimize placement grids of HLCSs on real cases with hard sea bottom.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/165051
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