New RhI-IPr (IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-carbene) complexes bearing an N,O-pyridine-2-methanolato (N-O) bidentate ligand have been prepared. The carbonyl complex Rh(N-O)(IPr)(CO) efficiently catalyzes the hydrothiolation of a range of alkynes with high selectivity to α-vinyl sulfides. Reactivity studies and DFT calculations have revealed a new nonoxidative catalytic pathway, passing through RhI catalytic intermediates, which is driven by the interplay between the pyridine-2-methanolato and carbonyl ligands. The basic alkoxo ligand promotes the deprotonation of the thiol to generate the RhI active species, whereas the -acceptor character of the carbonyl ligand hinders the oxidative addition process. In addition, the stereochemistry of the key thiolate-alkyne intermediate, which is determined by the electronic preference of the carbonyl ligand to coordinate cis to IPr, facilitates the rate-limiting alkyne thiometalation step.

Design of highly selective alkyne hydrothiolation RhI-NHC catalysts: Carbonyl-triggered nonoxidative mechanism

DI Giuseppe A.;
2017

Abstract

New RhI-IPr (IPr = 1,3-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-carbene) complexes bearing an N,O-pyridine-2-methanolato (N-O) bidentate ligand have been prepared. The carbonyl complex Rh(N-O)(IPr)(CO) efficiently catalyzes the hydrothiolation of a range of alkynes with high selectivity to α-vinyl sulfides. Reactivity studies and DFT calculations have revealed a new nonoxidative catalytic pathway, passing through RhI catalytic intermediates, which is driven by the interplay between the pyridine-2-methanolato and carbonyl ligands. The basic alkoxo ligand promotes the deprotonation of the thiol to generate the RhI active species, whereas the -acceptor character of the carbonyl ligand hinders the oxidative addition process. In addition, the stereochemistry of the key thiolate-alkyne intermediate, which is determined by the electronic preference of the carbonyl ligand to coordinate cis to IPr, facilitates the rate-limiting alkyne thiometalation step.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/166417
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