Objective: To compare the prevalence of mildly reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (MRGFR) (eGFR >60 and < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2), calculated by two creatinine-based equations, and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) in youth with overweight (OW)/obesity (OB). Methods: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study involving university and non-university hospital pediatrics departments. We enrolled 3,118 youth with OW/OB (5-14 years) and 286 healthy normal weight (NW) youth. eGFR was calculated using bedside Schwartz equation (eGFRBSE) and Full Age Spectrum equation (eGFRFAS). In OW/OB group we analyzed the association between eGFR calculated by both equations and CMRF. Uric acid (UA) and birth weight were available in 2,135 and in 1,460 youth. Results: The prevalence of MRGFR was 3.8% in NW versus 7.8% in OW/OB (P = .016) by eGFRBSE, and 8.7% in NW versus 19.4% in OW/OB (P < .0001) by eGFRFAS. eGFRBSE and eGFRFAS identified 242 and 605 young people with OW/OB with MRGFR, respectively. Individuals with MRGFR according with both equations showed lower birth weight, younger age, higher BMI-SDS, non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and UA as compared to those with normal eGFR. To examine whether the eGFRFAS was associated with a worse CMR profile also in the range of normal eGFRBSE, we reclassified young people with normal eGFRBSE (n = 2,876) according with eGFRFAS. Out of youth with normal eGFRBSE, 366 (12.7%) presented MRGFR by eGFRFAS and had lower age, higher BMI-SDS, BP and UA than the remaining youth reclassified as normal eGFRFAS. Conclusion: MRGFR is associated with an altered CMR profile in a large sample of young people with overweight (OW)/obesity (OB). The eGFRFAS equation identifies a higher prevalence of youth with MRGFR, compared to eGFRBSE equation.
|Titolo:||Prevalence of Mildly Reduced Estimated GFR by Height- or Age-Related Equations in Young People With Obesity and Its Association with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|