Background: Chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) represent a major public health concern worldwide with increasing incidence and prevalence. However, the epidemiological dimension of CKD in Italy is still under evaluation. By analyzing all the conditions reported on death certificates (multiple causes of death), we aimed to investigate the real burden of CKD mortality in Italy over 15 years and identify the main conditions contributing to death in association with CKD. Methods: Death certificates of all deaths occurring in Italy from 2003 to 2017 were analyzed. Certificates reporting CKD were identified as CKD-related deaths. CKD-related mortality was investigated through age-standardized mortality rates, by sex and age. Conditions associated with CKD were identified through an indicator (age-standardized proportion ratio) measuring the excess proportion (value > 1) of having such conditions mentioned in the death certificate with and without CKD. Results: From 2003 to 2017, multiple-cause-based CKD mortality rates increased by 60% in males and by 54% in females. The overall increase was mostly attributable to people aged 80 years or more. Several conditions were associated with CKD, the most relevant being diabetes (age-standardized proportion ratio = 2.2), obesity (2.1), systemic connective tissue disorders (2.3), anemia (2.7), and genitourinary system diseases (2.6). Conclusions: Multiple-cause-of-death data revealed a significant increase in CKD-related mortality in recent years, providing a measure of the burden of CKD on overall mortality in Italy. Moreover, multiple cause analysis allowed to identify the main conditions contributing to death in association with CKD, which should be aggressively targeted by clinicians to prevent CKD adverse outcomes. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

A long-term nationwide study on chronic kidney disease-related mortality in Italy: trends and associated comorbidity

Baroni M. G.;
2021

Abstract

Background: Chronic kidney diseases (CKDs) represent a major public health concern worldwide with increasing incidence and prevalence. However, the epidemiological dimension of CKD in Italy is still under evaluation. By analyzing all the conditions reported on death certificates (multiple causes of death), we aimed to investigate the real burden of CKD mortality in Italy over 15 years and identify the main conditions contributing to death in association with CKD. Methods: Death certificates of all deaths occurring in Italy from 2003 to 2017 were analyzed. Certificates reporting CKD were identified as CKD-related deaths. CKD-related mortality was investigated through age-standardized mortality rates, by sex and age. Conditions associated with CKD were identified through an indicator (age-standardized proportion ratio) measuring the excess proportion (value > 1) of having such conditions mentioned in the death certificate with and without CKD. Results: From 2003 to 2017, multiple-cause-based CKD mortality rates increased by 60% in males and by 54% in females. The overall increase was mostly attributable to people aged 80 years or more. Several conditions were associated with CKD, the most relevant being diabetes (age-standardized proportion ratio = 2.2), obesity (2.1), systemic connective tissue disorders (2.3), anemia (2.7), and genitourinary system diseases (2.6). Conclusions: Multiple-cause-of-death data revealed a significant increase in CKD-related mortality in recent years, providing a measure of the burden of CKD on overall mortality in Italy. Moreover, multiple cause analysis allowed to identify the main conditions contributing to death in association with CKD, which should be aggressively targeted by clinicians to prevent CKD adverse outcomes. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/171777
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