As a consequence of the polarisation of dental caries, which occurred over the last 3 decades in industrialised countries, the usefulness of risk assessment, both for individuals and for groups of subjects, became evident. At individual level, the early identification of high and medium caries-risk subjects allows to plan specific preventive measures for each subject's needs, based on the risk grade and the causally-directed diagnosis. At population level, risk assessment helps to increase the efficiency and to reduce the costs of caries preventive programmes. In this study, a review of caries-risk indicators is proposed: these indicators, collected through the analysis of relevant backgrond data, clinical examination and salivary tests are indispensable to achieve a correct caries-risk assessment.A review of the studies on the attempts to produce prediction models for caries-risk assessment is presented: in view of the multifactorial nature of caries etiology and the complexity of the prediction of individual caries-risk, a multivariate approach is necessary. Finally, some suggestions on the clinical usefulness and on indications of caries-risk determination era given.

Some tools for the identification of high caries risk individuals. A review

GIANNONI, Mario;GATTO, ROBERTO;
2005-01-01

Abstract

As a consequence of the polarisation of dental caries, which occurred over the last 3 decades in industrialised countries, the usefulness of risk assessment, both for individuals and for groups of subjects, became evident. At individual level, the early identification of high and medium caries-risk subjects allows to plan specific preventive measures for each subject's needs, based on the risk grade and the causally-directed diagnosis. At population level, risk assessment helps to increase the efficiency and to reduce the costs of caries preventive programmes. In this study, a review of caries-risk indicators is proposed: these indicators, collected through the analysis of relevant backgrond data, clinical examination and salivary tests are indispensable to achieve a correct caries-risk assessment.A review of the studies on the attempts to produce prediction models for caries-risk assessment is presented: in view of the multifactorial nature of caries etiology and the complexity of the prediction of individual caries-risk, a multivariate approach is necessary. Finally, some suggestions on the clinical usefulness and on indications of caries-risk determination era given.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/17181
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact