Background: A phase III multicenter randomized trial has been designed in order to address whether amifostine (WR-2721, Ethyol), an organic thiophosphate cytoprotector, can protect ovarian cancer patients from toxicity induced by carboplatin-paclitaxel chemotherapy.Patients and methods: Patients were randomly assigned to receive carboplatin [area under the curve (AUC) 5 mg.min/ml] and paclitaxel (175 mg/m(2)) with (arm A) or without (arm B) amifostine (910 mg/m(2)) every 21 days for six cycles.Results: One-hundred and eighty-seven patients were accrued: 93 patients in arm A and 94 patients in arm B. There was no difference in terms of erythrocytopenia between the two arms; grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia was higher in arm A (3.3% versus 0.6%; P=0.0010). There was no significant reduction of grade 3-4 leukopenia in arm A (11.8% versus 13.8%). The incidence of grade 3-4 neutropenia was lower in arm A (31.3% versus 37.9%; P=0.03), as was the incidence of severe mucositis (4.7% versus 15.4% in arm A versus arm B, respectively; P<0.0001). Finally, amifostine appears to be protective against neurotoxicity (grade 3-4 neurotoxicity 3.7% versus 7.2%; P=0.02). With a median follow-up of 24 months (range 2-41), time to progression was similar between the two groups.Conclusions: We showed that amifostine can exert some protection from the cumulative toxicity associated with this regimen. The results need to be confirmed in other randomized trials with this combination.
|Titolo:||Phase III multicenter randomized trial of amifostine as cytoprotectant in first-line chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|