OBJECTIVE: The role of antral resection (AR) in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still a greatly debated topic in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of AR in LSG.PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this observational comparative study, 101 patients who underwent LSG were divided into two groups based on the extent of antral resection: 1 cm from the pylorus (1-DP group), or 6 cm from the pylorus (6-DP group). The %EWL (%Excess weight loss), resolution of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) and GLP-1 were investigated 48 hours before surgery and 3, 6 and 12 months after LSG. Postoperative complications in the first 30 days after surgery were also compared between the two groups using the Clavien-Dindo (CD) score.RESULTS: A significant difference in %EWL was observed at 3 and 6 months in favor of the 1-DP group (38.9% and 57.8%, respectively) compared to the 6-DP group (31.4% and 49.7%. respectively). No difference in T2D resolution was observed between two groups during the follow-up period, with similar changes in GLP-1. Statistically significant differences were found between 1-DP and 6-DP group for the reintervention rate (CD III, 7.7% and 1.9%, respectively: p = 0.02) and life-threatening complications requiring intensive care unit management (CD IV, 3.8% and 0%, respectively, p = 0.03).CONCLUSIONS: In LSG, sparing the antrum is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of postoperative complications, but the metabolic and weight results are comparable to those for antrum resection.
|Titolo:||The role of antral resection in sleeve gastrectomy. An observational comparative study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|