OBJECTIVE: The role of antral resection (AR) in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still a greatly debated topic in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of AR in LSG.PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this observational comparative study, 101 patients who underwent LSG were divided into two groups based on the extent of antral resection: 1 cm from the pylorus (1-DP group), or 6 cm from the pylorus (6-DP group). The %EWL (%Excess weight loss), resolution of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) and GLP-1 were investigated 48 hours before surgery and 3, 6 and 12 months after LSG. Postoperative complications in the first 30 days after surgery were also compared between the two groups using the Clavien-Dindo (CD) score.RESULTS: A significant difference in %EWL was observed at 3 and 6 months in favor of the 1-DP group (38.9% and 57.8%, respectively) compared to the 6-DP group (31.4% and 49.7%. respectively). No difference in T2D resolution was observed between two groups during the follow-up period, with similar changes in GLP-1. Statistically significant differences were found between 1-DP and 6-DP group for the reintervention rate (CD III, 7.7% and 1.9%, respectively: p = 0.02) and life-threatening complications requiring intensive care unit management (CD IV, 3.8% and 0%, respectively, p = 0.03).CONCLUSIONS: In LSG, sparing the antrum is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of postoperative complications, but the metabolic and weight results are comparable to those for antrum resection.

The role of antral resection in sleeve gastrectomy. An observational comparative study

Clementi, M;Guadagni, S;Grasso, A;
2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The role of antral resection (AR) in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is still a greatly debated topic in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of AR in LSG.PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this observational comparative study, 101 patients who underwent LSG were divided into two groups based on the extent of antral resection: 1 cm from the pylorus (1-DP group), or 6 cm from the pylorus (6-DP group). The %EWL (%Excess weight loss), resolution of T2D (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus) and GLP-1 were investigated 48 hours before surgery and 3, 6 and 12 months after LSG. Postoperative complications in the first 30 days after surgery were also compared between the two groups using the Clavien-Dindo (CD) score.RESULTS: A significant difference in %EWL was observed at 3 and 6 months in favor of the 1-DP group (38.9% and 57.8%, respectively) compared to the 6-DP group (31.4% and 49.7%. respectively). No difference in T2D resolution was observed between two groups during the follow-up period, with similar changes in GLP-1. Statistically significant differences were found between 1-DP and 6-DP group for the reintervention rate (CD III, 7.7% and 1.9%, respectively: p = 0.02) and life-threatening complications requiring intensive care unit management (CD IV, 3.8% and 0%, respectively, p = 0.03).CONCLUSIONS: In LSG, sparing the antrum is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of postoperative complications, but the metabolic and weight results are comparable to those for antrum resection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/175061
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