The graft nephrectomy is burdened by immunological and surgical complications. The main surgical complications of graft nephrectomy are hemorrhage, infections, vascular injury and death. The mortality is high, with percentages varying between 1.3 and 38%. Therefore, graft nephrectomy should be recommended only in selected cases. We conducted a retrospective study, comparing the data of 26 patients undergoing an allograft nephrectomy (2009–2013), without embolization of the renal artery (NO EMBO group) with the data of 40 patients undergoing an allograft nephrectomy (2014–2019), with embolization of the renal artery (EMBO group). We included only graft nephrectomies performed at least 6 months after transplantation. The patients included in the study were consecutive because until 2013 we did not perform the embolization of the renal graft artery. Afterwards, from 2014, instead, we routinely carry out embolization to all patients to be subjected to graft nephrectomy. We, therefore, wanted to analyze whether this surgical approach compared to the previous technique can lead to an improvement in morbidity and mortality, reducing the risk of bleeding and operating times. The examination of our data highlights that embolization of renal artery reduces the operating times of the explant, in addition the group subjected to embolization had less changes in hemoglobinemia and less blood loss.

Embolization of the renal artery before graft nephrectomy: a comparing study to evaluate the possible benefits

Panarese A.
;
De Leonardis M.;Lancione L.;Pisani F.
2021

Abstract

The graft nephrectomy is burdened by immunological and surgical complications. The main surgical complications of graft nephrectomy are hemorrhage, infections, vascular injury and death. The mortality is high, with percentages varying between 1.3 and 38%. Therefore, graft nephrectomy should be recommended only in selected cases. We conducted a retrospective study, comparing the data of 26 patients undergoing an allograft nephrectomy (2009–2013), without embolization of the renal artery (NO EMBO group) with the data of 40 patients undergoing an allograft nephrectomy (2014–2019), with embolization of the renal artery (EMBO group). We included only graft nephrectomies performed at least 6 months after transplantation. The patients included in the study were consecutive because until 2013 we did not perform the embolization of the renal graft artery. Afterwards, from 2014, instead, we routinely carry out embolization to all patients to be subjected to graft nephrectomy. We, therefore, wanted to analyze whether this surgical approach compared to the previous technique can lead to an improvement in morbidity and mortality, reducing the risk of bleeding and operating times. The examination of our data highlights that embolization of renal artery reduces the operating times of the explant, in addition the group subjected to embolization had less changes in hemoglobinemia and less blood loss.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/176004
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