Silicalite-1 samples were synthesized from gels of composition: 0.08 Na2O - 0.08 TPABr - 1 SiO2 - 20 H2O (TPABr = tetrapropylammonium bromide) at 170°C under autogeneous pressure during 24 h. The gels used without aging yielded large particles of ca. 15 μm, while the aged gel led to small particles of ca. 2 μm. The acidity of the samples was checked by FTIR of the silanol groups, by the IR spectra of adsorbed pyridine and by temperature programmed desorption of ammonia. The silanol groups were also identified by High Resolution Solid State 29Si NMR spectroscopy. The samples not containing H-bonded silanol groups were not active either in the dehydration of propan-2-ol or the cumene cracking. The samples calcined and NH4+ exchanged by NH4Cl either at pH = 5.5 or pH = 10.5 showed activity in the propan-2-ol dehydration, but not in cumene cracking. These samples contained acid sites of medium acid strength characterized by the H-bonded silanol groups. A second calcination of the samples was necessary in order to show some activity in cumene cracking. A ZSM-5 sample of Si/Al = 25 was synthesized and studied for the sake of comparison. A Silicalite-1 sample composed of small particles first calcined at 550°C, then NH4+ exchanged with NH4Cl at pH = 5.5 and finally calcined at 550°C showed the highest activity (10-11%) in cumene cracking. A hypothesis could be advanced on the production of Lewis acid centers, to explain the catalytic activity of this sample. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

The role of the defect groups on the silicalite-1 zeolite catalytic behavior

Aloise A.;
2013

Abstract

Silicalite-1 samples were synthesized from gels of composition: 0.08 Na2O - 0.08 TPABr - 1 SiO2 - 20 H2O (TPABr = tetrapropylammonium bromide) at 170°C under autogeneous pressure during 24 h. The gels used without aging yielded large particles of ca. 15 μm, while the aged gel led to small particles of ca. 2 μm. The acidity of the samples was checked by FTIR of the silanol groups, by the IR spectra of adsorbed pyridine and by temperature programmed desorption of ammonia. The silanol groups were also identified by High Resolution Solid State 29Si NMR spectroscopy. The samples not containing H-bonded silanol groups were not active either in the dehydration of propan-2-ol or the cumene cracking. The samples calcined and NH4+ exchanged by NH4Cl either at pH = 5.5 or pH = 10.5 showed activity in the propan-2-ol dehydration, but not in cumene cracking. These samples contained acid sites of medium acid strength characterized by the H-bonded silanol groups. A second calcination of the samples was necessary in order to show some activity in cumene cracking. A ZSM-5 sample of Si/Al = 25 was synthesized and studied for the sake of comparison. A Silicalite-1 sample composed of small particles first calcined at 550°C, then NH4+ exchanged with NH4Cl at pH = 5.5 and finally calcined at 550°C showed the highest activity (10-11%) in cumene cracking. A hypothesis could be advanced on the production of Lewis acid centers, to explain the catalytic activity of this sample. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/176607
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