Data assimilation is uniquely challenging in weather forecasting due to the high dimensionality of the employed models and the nonlinearity of the governing equations. Although current operational schemes are used successfully, our understanding of their long-term error behavior is still incomplete. In this work, we study the error of some simple data assimilation schemes in the presence of unbounded (e.g., Gaussian) noise on a wide class of dissipative dynamical systems with certain properties, including the Lorenz models and the two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We exploit the properties of the dynamics to derive analytic bounds on the long-term error for individual realizations of the noise in time. These bounds are proportional to the variance of the noise. Furthermore, we find that the error exhibits a form of stationary behavior, and in particular an accumulation of error does not occur. This improves on previous results in which either the noise was bounded or the error was considered in expectation only.
|Titolo:||Almost sure error bounds for data assimilation in dissipative systems with unbounded observation noise|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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