The objective of this study is to describe the possible prognostic impact of smoking habit on adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) patients, by the assessment of clinical characteristics, life-threatening complications occurrence, and mortality in smokers than non-smokers. A multicentre retrospective study of prospectively followed-up AOSD patients included in Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort was conducted. Out of 185 AOSD assessed patients, 45 smokers were identified. These showed a higher frequency of pericarditis (35.5% vs 16.4%, p = 0.011), pleuritis (33.3% vs 14.3%, p = 0.008), and abdominal pain (17.7% vs 6.4%, p = 0.035). Furthermore, smokers showed higher values of systemic score (6.4 ± 2.2 vs 5.4 ± 1.8, p = 0.004), an increased rate of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) (28.9% vs 6.4%, p < 0.0001) and of parenchymal lung disease (17.7% vs 12.6%, p = 0.035). Although not significant, these patients more frequently experienced a poor prognosis (13.3% vs 4.3%, p = 0.074). Smoking habit predicted MAS occurrence in both univariate (HR: 5.98, 95% CI: 2.45–14.57, p < 0.0001) and multivariate regression models (HR: 6.21, 95% CI: 2.46–15.70, p < 0.0001). Smokers had a significant higher risk of parenchymal lung disease in both univariate (HR: 3.97, 95% CI: 1.43–11.02, p = 0.008) and multivariate regression models (HR: 3.90, 95% CI: 1.36–11.23, p = 0.012). Smoking habit also increased the risk of mortality in univariate regression model (HR: 4.25, 95% CI: 1.33–13.55, p = 0.015). Smoking habit resulted to be a negative prognostic factor on AOSD patients. Smokers were characterised by a higher frequency of serositis and higher values of systemic score. Additionally, these patients were more frequently burdened by MAS and parenchymal lung disease associated with a poor prognosis.Key points•Smoking habit resulted to be a negative prognostic factor on AOSD.•Smokers were characterised by an increased frequency of serositis and higher values of systemic score.•Cigarette exposure was associated with MAS and parenchymal lung disease in AOSD.

Impact of smoking habit on adult-onset Still’s disease prognosis, findings from a multicentre observational study

Ruscitti P.;Di Cola I.;Conforti A.;Cipriani P.
2021

Abstract

The objective of this study is to describe the possible prognostic impact of smoking habit on adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) patients, by the assessment of clinical characteristics, life-threatening complications occurrence, and mortality in smokers than non-smokers. A multicentre retrospective study of prospectively followed-up AOSD patients included in Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale (GIRRCS) cohort was conducted. Out of 185 AOSD assessed patients, 45 smokers were identified. These showed a higher frequency of pericarditis (35.5% vs 16.4%, p = 0.011), pleuritis (33.3% vs 14.3%, p = 0.008), and abdominal pain (17.7% vs 6.4%, p = 0.035). Furthermore, smokers showed higher values of systemic score (6.4 ± 2.2 vs 5.4 ± 1.8, p = 0.004), an increased rate of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) (28.9% vs 6.4%, p < 0.0001) and of parenchymal lung disease (17.7% vs 12.6%, p = 0.035). Although not significant, these patients more frequently experienced a poor prognosis (13.3% vs 4.3%, p = 0.074). Smoking habit predicted MAS occurrence in both univariate (HR: 5.98, 95% CI: 2.45–14.57, p < 0.0001) and multivariate regression models (HR: 6.21, 95% CI: 2.46–15.70, p < 0.0001). Smokers had a significant higher risk of parenchymal lung disease in both univariate (HR: 3.97, 95% CI: 1.43–11.02, p = 0.008) and multivariate regression models (HR: 3.90, 95% CI: 1.36–11.23, p = 0.012). Smoking habit also increased the risk of mortality in univariate regression model (HR: 4.25, 95% CI: 1.33–13.55, p = 0.015). Smoking habit resulted to be a negative prognostic factor on AOSD patients. Smokers were characterised by a higher frequency of serositis and higher values of systemic score. Additionally, these patients were more frequently burdened by MAS and parenchymal lung disease associated with a poor prognosis.Key points•Smoking habit resulted to be a negative prognostic factor on AOSD.•Smokers were characterised by an increased frequency of serositis and higher values of systemic score.•Cigarette exposure was associated with MAS and parenchymal lung disease in AOSD.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/177616
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact