The most intriguing hypothesis explaining many water anomalies is a metastable liquid-liquid phase transition (LLPT) at high pressure and low temperatures, experimentally hidden by homogeneous nucleation. Recent infrared spectroscopic experiments showed that upon addition of hydrazinium trifluoroacetate to water, the supercooled ionic solution undergoes a sharp, reversible LLPT at ambient pressure, possible offspring of that in pure water. Here, we calculate the temperature-dependent signature of the OH-stretching band, reporting on the low/high density phase of water, in neat water and in the same experimentally investigated ionic solution. The comparison between the infrared signature of the pure liquid and that of the ionic solution can be achieved only computationally, providing insight into the nature of the experimentally observed phase transition and allowing us to investigate the effects of ionic compounds on the high to low density supercooled liquid water transition. We show that the experimentally observed crossover behavior in the ionic solution can be reproduced only if the phase transition between the low- and high-density liquid states of water is coupled to a mixing-unmixing transition between the water component and the ions: at low temperatures, water and ions are separated and the water component is a low density liquid. At high temperatures, water and ions get mixed and the water component is a high-density liquid. The separation at low temperatures into ion-rich and ion-poor regions allows unveiling the polyamorphic nature of liquid water, leading to a crossover behavior resembling that observed in supercooled neat water under high pressure.

Segregation on the nanoscale coupled to liquid water polyamorphism in supercooled aqueous ionic-liquid solution

Amadei A.;Daidone I.
2021

Abstract

The most intriguing hypothesis explaining many water anomalies is a metastable liquid-liquid phase transition (LLPT) at high pressure and low temperatures, experimentally hidden by homogeneous nucleation. Recent infrared spectroscopic experiments showed that upon addition of hydrazinium trifluoroacetate to water, the supercooled ionic solution undergoes a sharp, reversible LLPT at ambient pressure, possible offspring of that in pure water. Here, we calculate the temperature-dependent signature of the OH-stretching band, reporting on the low/high density phase of water, in neat water and in the same experimentally investigated ionic solution. The comparison between the infrared signature of the pure liquid and that of the ionic solution can be achieved only computationally, providing insight into the nature of the experimentally observed phase transition and allowing us to investigate the effects of ionic compounds on the high to low density supercooled liquid water transition. We show that the experimentally observed crossover behavior in the ionic solution can be reproduced only if the phase transition between the low- and high-density liquid states of water is coupled to a mixing-unmixing transition between the water component and the ions: at low temperatures, water and ions are separated and the water component is a low density liquid. At high temperatures, water and ions get mixed and the water component is a high-density liquid. The separation at low temperatures into ion-rich and ion-poor regions allows unveiling the polyamorphic nature of liquid water, leading to a crossover behavior resembling that observed in supercooled neat water under high pressure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/177758
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