Although natural or artificial modified pyrimidine nucleobases represent important molecules with valuable properties as constituents of DNA and RNA, no systematic analyses of the structural aspects of bromo derivatives of cytosine have appeared so far in the literature. In view of the biochemical and pharmaceutical relevance of these compounds, six different crystals containing proton-transfer derivatives of 5-bromocytosine are prepared and analyzed in the solid-state by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All six compounds are organic salts, with proton transfer occurring to the Nimino atom of the pyridine ring. Experimental results are then complemented with Hirshfeld surface analysis to quantitively evaluate the contribution of different intermolecular interactions in the crystal packing. Furthermore, theoretical calculations, based on different arrangements of molecules extracted from the crystal structure determinations, are carried out to analyze the formation mechanism of halogen bonds (XBs) in these compounds and provide insights into the nature and strength of the observed interactions. The results show that the supramolecular architectures of the six molecular salts involve extensive classical intermolecular hydrogen bonds. However, in all but one proton-transfer adducts, weak to moderate XBs are revealed by C-Br…O short contacts between the bromine atom in the fifth position, which acts as XB donor (electron acceptor). Moreover, the lone pair electrons of the oxygen atom of adjacent pyrimidine nucleobases and/or counterions or water molecules, which acts as XB acceptor (electron donor).

A combined experimental and computational study of halogen and hydrogen bonding in molecular salts of 5-bromocytosine

Aschi M.;
2021

Abstract

Although natural or artificial modified pyrimidine nucleobases represent important molecules with valuable properties as constituents of DNA and RNA, no systematic analyses of the structural aspects of bromo derivatives of cytosine have appeared so far in the literature. In view of the biochemical and pharmaceutical relevance of these compounds, six different crystals containing proton-transfer derivatives of 5-bromocytosine are prepared and analyzed in the solid-state by single crystal X-ray diffraction. All six compounds are organic salts, with proton transfer occurring to the Nimino atom of the pyridine ring. Experimental results are then complemented with Hirshfeld surface analysis to quantitively evaluate the contribution of different intermolecular interactions in the crystal packing. Furthermore, theoretical calculations, based on different arrangements of molecules extracted from the crystal structure determinations, are carried out to analyze the formation mechanism of halogen bonds (XBs) in these compounds and provide insights into the nature and strength of the observed interactions. The results show that the supramolecular architectures of the six molecular salts involve extensive classical intermolecular hydrogen bonds. However, in all but one proton-transfer adducts, weak to moderate XBs are revealed by C-Br…O short contacts between the bromine atom in the fifth position, which acts as XB donor (electron acceptor). Moreover, the lone pair electrons of the oxygen atom of adjacent pyrimidine nucleobases and/or counterions or water molecules, which acts as XB acceptor (electron donor).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/177945
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