Human activity is responsible for producing several chemical compounds, which contaminate the aquatic environment and adversely influence the survival of aquatic species and indirectly human health. Triclocarban (TCC) belongs to the category of emerging pollutants and its presence in aquatic environment is justified by its wide use as antimicrobial agent in personal care products. The concern about this chemical is due to the risk of persistence in water and soils and bioaccumulation, which contributes to human exposition through the contaminated food consumption. The present study evaluated the developmental toxicity of TCC in zebrafish early-life stages starting with the assessment of acute toxicity and then focusing on the integrative analyses of the observed phenotype on zebrafish development. For this purpose, lethal and sublethal alterations of zebrafish embryos were investigated by the Fish Embryo Acute Toxicity Tests (FET tests). Subsequently, two concentrations of TCC were used to investigate the morphometric features and defects in larvae developmental pigmentation: an environmentally relevant (5μg/L) and toxicological (50μg/L), derived from the No Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC) value concentration. Furthermore, the expression levels of a key transcription factor for melanocyte differentiation and melanin syntheses, such as mitfa (microphthalmia-associated transcription factor) and tyr (tyrosinase) and its activity, were evaluated.

Environmentally relevant concentrations of triclocarban affect morphological traits and melanogenesis in zebrafish larvae

Caioni G.;d'Angelo M.;Panella G.;Cimini A.;Benedetti E.
;
2021

Abstract

Human activity is responsible for producing several chemical compounds, which contaminate the aquatic environment and adversely influence the survival of aquatic species and indirectly human health. Triclocarban (TCC) belongs to the category of emerging pollutants and its presence in aquatic environment is justified by its wide use as antimicrobial agent in personal care products. The concern about this chemical is due to the risk of persistence in water and soils and bioaccumulation, which contributes to human exposition through the contaminated food consumption. The present study evaluated the developmental toxicity of TCC in zebrafish early-life stages starting with the assessment of acute toxicity and then focusing on the integrative analyses of the observed phenotype on zebrafish development. For this purpose, lethal and sublethal alterations of zebrafish embryos were investigated by the Fish Embryo Acute Toxicity Tests (FET tests). Subsequently, two concentrations of TCC were used to investigate the morphometric features and defects in larvae developmental pigmentation: an environmentally relevant (5μg/L) and toxicological (50μg/L), derived from the No Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC) value concentration. Furthermore, the expression levels of a key transcription factor for melanocyte differentiation and melanin syntheses, such as mitfa (microphthalmia-associated transcription factor) and tyr (tyrosinase) and its activity, were evaluated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/178348
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