Background: It was not yet fully established whether the use of antiplatelet agents (APAs) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB). Temporarily, discontinuation of APAs could reduce the risk of PPB, but at the same time, it could increase the risk of cardiovascular disease recurrence. This study aimed to assess the PPB risk in patients using APAs compared to patients without APAs or anticoagulant therapy who had undergone colonoscopy with polypectomy. Methods: A systematic electronic search of the literature was performed using PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and CENTRAL, to assess the risk of bleeding in patients who do not interrupt single antiplatelet therapy (P2Y12 inhibitors or aspirin) and undergone colonoscopy with polypectomy. Results: Of 2417 identified articles, 8 articles (all of them were non-randomized studies of interventions (NRSI); no randomized controlled trials (RCT) were available on this topic) were selected for the meta-analysis, including 1620 patients on antiplatelet therapy and 13,321 controls. Uninterrupted APAs single therapy was associated with an increased risk of PPB compared to the control group (OR 2.31; CI 1.37–3.91). Patients on P2Y12i single therapy had a higher risk of both immediate (OR 4.43; CI 1.40–14.00) and delayed PPB (OR 10.80; CI 4.63–25.16) compared to the control group, while patients on aspirin single therapy may have a little to no difference increase in the number of both immediate and delayed PPB events. Conclusions: Uninterrupted single antiplatelet therapy may increase the risk of PPB, but the evidence is very uncertain. The risk may be higher in delayed PPB. However, in deciding to discontinue APAs before colonoscopy with polypectomy, the potential higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events should always be assessed.

Risk of colonoscopic post-polypectomy bleeding in patients on single antiplatelet therapy: systematic review with meta-analysis

Valvano M.;Magistroni M.;Mancusi A.;Longo S.;Stefanelli G.;Vernia F.;Viscido A.;Romano S.;Latella G.
2022

Abstract

Background: It was not yet fully established whether the use of antiplatelet agents (APAs) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB). Temporarily, discontinuation of APAs could reduce the risk of PPB, but at the same time, it could increase the risk of cardiovascular disease recurrence. This study aimed to assess the PPB risk in patients using APAs compared to patients without APAs or anticoagulant therapy who had undergone colonoscopy with polypectomy. Methods: A systematic electronic search of the literature was performed using PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and CENTRAL, to assess the risk of bleeding in patients who do not interrupt single antiplatelet therapy (P2Y12 inhibitors or aspirin) and undergone colonoscopy with polypectomy. Results: Of 2417 identified articles, 8 articles (all of them were non-randomized studies of interventions (NRSI); no randomized controlled trials (RCT) were available on this topic) were selected for the meta-analysis, including 1620 patients on antiplatelet therapy and 13,321 controls. Uninterrupted APAs single therapy was associated with an increased risk of PPB compared to the control group (OR 2.31; CI 1.37–3.91). Patients on P2Y12i single therapy had a higher risk of both immediate (OR 4.43; CI 1.40–14.00) and delayed PPB (OR 10.80; CI 4.63–25.16) compared to the control group, while patients on aspirin single therapy may have a little to no difference increase in the number of both immediate and delayed PPB events. Conclusions: Uninterrupted single antiplatelet therapy may increase the risk of PPB, but the evidence is very uncertain. The risk may be higher in delayed PPB. However, in deciding to discontinue APAs before colonoscopy with polypectomy, the potential higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular events should always be assessed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/178469
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