The emergency caused by a natural disaster must be tackledpromptly by public institutions. In this situation, Governments enactspecific laws (i.e., decrees) to handle the emergency and the reconstruc-tion of destroyed areas. As it happened in 2009 and 2016 when the ItalianGovernment issued several, very different, decrees to face respectively theearthquakes ofL’AquilaandCentro Italia.In this work, we propose SismaDL, a LKIF based ontology, that mod-els the laws in the domain of natural disasters. SismaDL has been usedto model the aforementioned laws to build a knowledge base useful toreason about why one regulation is less effective and efficient than theother. SismaDL is the first step of a wider project whose aims are: i)compare laws in the domain of natural disaster; ii) integrate such laws inthe Semantic Web; iii) evaluate the effectiveness of a post-disaster recon-struction law; iv) identify good practices to build a reference normativemodel of the natural disaster regulation. This project is a founding steptowards the development of accurate and timely IT systems for efficientand high quality disaster management and reconstruction services tosupport Governments and local institutions in case of natural disasters

SismaDL an ontology to represent post-disaster regulation

Francesca Caroccia;Giordano d'Aloisio;Antinisca Di Marco;Giovanni Stilo
2021

Abstract

The emergency caused by a natural disaster must be tackledpromptly by public institutions. In this situation, Governments enactspecific laws (i.e., decrees) to handle the emergency and the reconstruc-tion of destroyed areas. As it happened in 2009 and 2016 when the ItalianGovernment issued several, very different, decrees to face respectively theearthquakes ofL’AquilaandCentro Italia.In this work, we propose SismaDL, a LKIF based ontology, that mod-els the laws in the domain of natural disasters. SismaDL has been usedto model the aforementioned laws to build a knowledge base useful toreason about why one regulation is less effective and efficient than theother. SismaDL is the first step of a wider project whose aims are: i)compare laws in the domain of natural disaster; ii) integrate such laws inthe Semantic Web; iii) evaluate the effectiveness of a post-disaster recon-struction law; iv) identify good practices to build a reference normativemodel of the natural disaster regulation. This project is a founding steptowards the development of accurate and timely IT systems for efficientand high quality disaster management and reconstruction services tosupport Governments and local institutions in case of natural disasters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/178913
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