In this paper, we report high statistical evidence for a seismo–ionosphere effects occurring in conjunction with an earthquake. This finding supports a lithosphere-magnetosphere coupling mechanism producing a plasma density variation along the magnetic field lines, mechanically produced by atmospheric acoustic gravity waves (AGWs) impinging the ionosphere. We have analysed a large sample of earthquakes (EQ) using ground magnetometers data: in 28 of 42 analysed case events, we detect a temporary stepwise decrease (∆ f ) of the magnetospheric field line resonance (FLR) eigenfrequency ( f∗ ). ∆ f decreases of ∼5–25 mHz during ∼20–35 min following the time of the EQ. We present an analytical model for f∗, able to reproduce the behaviour observed during the EQ. Our work is in agreement with recent results confirming co-seismic direct coupling between lithosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere opening the way to new remote sensing methods, from space/ground, of the earth seismic activity.

On the Geomagnetic Field Line Resonance Eigenfrequency Variations during Seismic Event

Piersanti M;
2021

Abstract

In this paper, we report high statistical evidence for a seismo–ionosphere effects occurring in conjunction with an earthquake. This finding supports a lithosphere-magnetosphere coupling mechanism producing a plasma density variation along the magnetic field lines, mechanically produced by atmospheric acoustic gravity waves (AGWs) impinging the ionosphere. We have analysed a large sample of earthquakes (EQ) using ground magnetometers data: in 28 of 42 analysed case events, we detect a temporary stepwise decrease (∆ f ) of the magnetospheric field line resonance (FLR) eigenfrequency ( f∗ ). ∆ f decreases of ∼5–25 mHz during ∼20–35 min following the time of the EQ. We present an analytical model for f∗, able to reproduce the behaviour observed during the EQ. Our work is in agreement with recent results confirming co-seismic direct coupling between lithosphere, ionosphere and magnetosphere opening the way to new remote sensing methods, from space/ground, of the earth seismic activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/179201
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