An antinorm is a concave nonnegative homogeneous functional on a convex cone. It is shown that if the cone is polyhedral, then every antinorm has a unique continuous extension from the interior of the cone. The main facts of the duality theory in convex analysis, in particular, the Fenchel–Moreau theorem, are generalized to antinorms. However, it is shown that the duality relation for antinorms is discontinuous. In every dimension, there are infinitely many self-dual antinorms on the positive orthant and, in particular, infinitely many autopolar polyhedra. For the two-dimensional case, we characterize them all. The classification in higher dimensions is left as an open problem. Applications to linear dynamical systems, to the Lyapunov exponent of random matrix products, to the lower spectral radius of nonnegative matrices, and to convex trigonometry are considered.

Antinorms on cones: duality and applications

Protasov V. Y.
2021

Abstract

An antinorm is a concave nonnegative homogeneous functional on a convex cone. It is shown that if the cone is polyhedral, then every antinorm has a unique continuous extension from the interior of the cone. The main facts of the duality theory in convex analysis, in particular, the Fenchel–Moreau theorem, are generalized to antinorms. However, it is shown that the duality relation for antinorms is discontinuous. In every dimension, there are infinitely many self-dual antinorms on the positive orthant and, in particular, infinitely many autopolar polyhedra. For the two-dimensional case, we characterize them all. The classification in higher dimensions is left as an open problem. Applications to linear dynamical systems, to the Lyapunov exponent of random matrix products, to the lower spectral radius of nonnegative matrices, and to convex trigonometry are considered.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/179460
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