Most women with ovarian cancer are treated with chemotherapy before or after surgery. Unfortunately, chemotherapy treatment can cause negative side effects and the onset of multidrug resistance (MDR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the chemosensitizing effect of a natural compound, voacamine (VOA), in ovarian (A2780 DX) and colon (LoVo DX) cancer drug-resistant cell lines which overexpress P-glycoprotein (P-gp), in combination with paclitaxel (PTX), or doxorubicin (DOX) or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). VOA, a bisindole alkaloid extracted from Peschiera fuchsiaefolia, has already been shown to be effective in enhancing the effect of doxorubicin, because it interferes with the P-gp function. Ovarian cancer cytotoxicity test shows that single treatments with VOA, DOX and PTX do not modify cell viability, while pretreatment with VOA, and then PTX or DOX for 72 h, induces a decrease. In colon cancer, since 5-FU is not a-substrate for P-gp, VOA has no sensitizing effect while in VOA + DOX there is a decrease in viability. Annexin V/PI test, cell cycle analysis, activation of cleaved PARP1 confirm that VOA plus PTX induce apoptotic cell death. Confocal microscopy observations show the different localization of NF-kB after treatment with VOA + PTX, confirming the inhibition of nuclear translocation induced by VOA pretreatment. Our data show the specific effect of VOA which only works on drugs known to be substrates of P-gp.

A natural product, voacamine, sensitizes paclitaxel-resistant human ovarian cancer cells

Vecchiotti D.;Zazzeroni F.;
2022

Abstract

Most women with ovarian cancer are treated with chemotherapy before or after surgery. Unfortunately, chemotherapy treatment can cause negative side effects and the onset of multidrug resistance (MDR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the chemosensitizing effect of a natural compound, voacamine (VOA), in ovarian (A2780 DX) and colon (LoVo DX) cancer drug-resistant cell lines which overexpress P-glycoprotein (P-gp), in combination with paclitaxel (PTX), or doxorubicin (DOX) or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). VOA, a bisindole alkaloid extracted from Peschiera fuchsiaefolia, has already been shown to be effective in enhancing the effect of doxorubicin, because it interferes with the P-gp function. Ovarian cancer cytotoxicity test shows that single treatments with VOA, DOX and PTX do not modify cell viability, while pretreatment with VOA, and then PTX or DOX for 72 h, induces a decrease. In colon cancer, since 5-FU is not a-substrate for P-gp, VOA has no sensitizing effect while in VOA + DOX there is a decrease in viability. Annexin V/PI test, cell cycle analysis, activation of cleaved PARP1 confirm that VOA plus PTX induce apoptotic cell death. Confocal microscopy observations show the different localization of NF-kB after treatment with VOA + PTX, confirming the inhibition of nuclear translocation induced by VOA pretreatment. Our data show the specific effect of VOA which only works on drugs known to be substrates of P-gp.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/180154
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