Spinophilin (SPL), a multidomain scaffolding protein known to modulate the activity of different G-protein-coupled receptors, regulates various central nervous system (CNS) functions. However, little is known about the role of SPL expressed in peripheral cell types including pancreatic β cells. In this study, we examined the ability of SPL to modulate the activity of β-cell M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M3Rs), which play an important role in facilitating insulin release and maintaining normal blood glucose levels. We demonstrated, by using both in vitro and in vivo approaches (mouse insulinoma cells and SPL-deficient mice), that SPL is a potent negative regulator of M3R-mediated signaling and insulin release. Additional biochemical and biophysical studies, including the use of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer technology, suggested that SPL is able to recruit regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) to the M3R signaling complex in an agonist-dependent fashion. Since RGS4 is a member of the RGS family of proteins that act to reduce the lifetime of activated G proteins, these findings support the concept that the inhibitory effects of SPL on M3R activity are mediated by RGS4. These data suggest that SPL or other G-protein-coupled receptor-associated proteins may serve as novel targets for drug therapy aimed at improving β-cell function for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Spinophilin as a novel regulator of M3 muscarinic receptor-mediated insulin release in vitro and in vivo

Rossi M;
2012

Abstract

Spinophilin (SPL), a multidomain scaffolding protein known to modulate the activity of different G-protein-coupled receptors, regulates various central nervous system (CNS) functions. However, little is known about the role of SPL expressed in peripheral cell types including pancreatic β cells. In this study, we examined the ability of SPL to modulate the activity of β-cell M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M3Rs), which play an important role in facilitating insulin release and maintaining normal blood glucose levels. We demonstrated, by using both in vitro and in vivo approaches (mouse insulinoma cells and SPL-deficient mice), that SPL is a potent negative regulator of M3R-mediated signaling and insulin release. Additional biochemical and biophysical studies, including the use of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer technology, suggested that SPL is able to recruit regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) to the M3R signaling complex in an agonist-dependent fashion. Since RGS4 is a member of the RGS family of proteins that act to reduce the lifetime of activated G proteins, these findings support the concept that the inhibitory effects of SPL on M3R activity are mediated by RGS4. These data suggest that SPL or other G-protein-coupled receptor-associated proteins may serve as novel targets for drug therapy aimed at improving β-cell function for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/180192
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