Purpose: Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is an adipokine involved in many physiological functions, including bone metabolism. We previously demonstrated its implication in mouse models of mechanical unloading-induced osteoporosis and in a cohort of bed rest volunteers. We therefore aimed at studying its involvement in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Methods: We measured serum LCN2 and correlated its levels to Dickkopf WNT Signaling Pathway Inhibitor 1 (DKK1), Tartrate Resistant Acid Phosphatase 5B (TRAcP5B), sclerostin, urinary N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX), serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), parathyroid hormone and vitamin K by ELISA performed in a cohort of younger (50–65 years) and older (66–90 years) osteoporotic women in comparison to healthy subjects. A cohort of male healthy and osteoarthritic patients was also included. Sobel mediation analysis was used to test indirect associations among age, LCN2 and DKK1 or NTX. Results: LCN2 levels were unchanged in osteoporotic and in osteoarthritis patients when compared to healthy subjects and did not correlate with BMD. However, serum LCN2 correlated with age in healthy women (R = 0.44; P = 0.003) and men (R = 0.5; P = 0.001) and serum concentrations of DKK1 (R = 0.47; P = 0.003) and urinary NTX (R = 0.34; P = 0.04). Sobel mediation analysis showed that LCN2 mediates an indirect relationship between age and DKK1 (P = 0.02), but not with NTX, in healthy subjects. Conclusions: Taken together, the results suggest a hitherto unknown association between LCN2, DKK1 and age in healthy individuals, but not in postmenopausal osteoporotic women.

Lipocalin 2 serum levels correlate with age and bone turnover biomarkers in healthy subjects but not in postmenopausal osteoporotic women

Maurizi A.;Ponzetti M.;Teti A.;Rucci N.
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is an adipokine involved in many physiological functions, including bone metabolism. We previously demonstrated its implication in mouse models of mechanical unloading-induced osteoporosis and in a cohort of bed rest volunteers. We therefore aimed at studying its involvement in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Methods: We measured serum LCN2 and correlated its levels to Dickkopf WNT Signaling Pathway Inhibitor 1 (DKK1), Tartrate Resistant Acid Phosphatase 5B (TRAcP5B), sclerostin, urinary N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX), serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), parathyroid hormone and vitamin K by ELISA performed in a cohort of younger (50–65 years) and older (66–90 years) osteoporotic women in comparison to healthy subjects. A cohort of male healthy and osteoarthritic patients was also included. Sobel mediation analysis was used to test indirect associations among age, LCN2 and DKK1 or NTX. Results: LCN2 levels were unchanged in osteoporotic and in osteoarthritis patients when compared to healthy subjects and did not correlate with BMD. However, serum LCN2 correlated with age in healthy women (R = 0.44; P = 0.003) and men (R = 0.5; P = 0.001) and serum concentrations of DKK1 (R = 0.47; P = 0.003) and urinary NTX (R = 0.34; P = 0.04). Sobel mediation analysis showed that LCN2 mediates an indirect relationship between age and DKK1 (P = 0.02), but not with NTX, in healthy subjects. Conclusions: Taken together, the results suggest a hitherto unknown association between LCN2, DKK1 and age in healthy individuals, but not in postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/180273
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