We have analyzed a highly monochromatic (f = 1.67 mHz) and large-amplitude Ultra Low Frequency (ULF) wave event observed at satellites and ground observatories on 23 June 2020 during super solar quiet geomagnetic conditions. The train wave was detected between 6:22 and 7:55 UT across a wide longitudinal range of ground stations from low to high latitudes. Using Deep Space Climate Observatory and THEMIS-B spacecraft, which were in the interplanetary medium, we have identified the possible driver of such global ULF wave activity in the impact of a small pressure pulse accompanied by a discontinuity in the magnetic field. The prolonged duration (90 min) of the ULF waves as well as their latitude-independent frequency and the small azimuthal wave number (m ∼ 0−2) can be explained in terms of a global magnetospheric waveguide mode. The amplitude and cross-phase analysis of the wave activity at ground, together with the polarization pattern, suggest the waveguide mode coupling with field line resonance. Nevertheless, during the same time interval, indirect evidence exists of a rapid reconfiguration of the magnetotail in the form of Pi2 waves in the night-side region. The analysis of energetic particle flux at ionospheric height (500 km) shows a direct connection between the ULF wave activity and particle precipitation.

On the source of the anomalous June 23, 2020 ULF waves detected at both ground and satellite data

M. Piersanti
;
2022

Abstract

We have analyzed a highly monochromatic (f = 1.67 mHz) and large-amplitude Ultra Low Frequency (ULF) wave event observed at satellites and ground observatories on 23 June 2020 during super solar quiet geomagnetic conditions. The train wave was detected between 6:22 and 7:55 UT across a wide longitudinal range of ground stations from low to high latitudes. Using Deep Space Climate Observatory and THEMIS-B spacecraft, which were in the interplanetary medium, we have identified the possible driver of such global ULF wave activity in the impact of a small pressure pulse accompanied by a discontinuity in the magnetic field. The prolonged duration (90 min) of the ULF waves as well as their latitude-independent frequency and the small azimuthal wave number (m ∼ 0−2) can be explained in terms of a global magnetospheric waveguide mode. The amplitude and cross-phase analysis of the wave activity at ground, together with the polarization pattern, suggest the waveguide mode coupling with field line resonance. Nevertheless, during the same time interval, indirect evidence exists of a rapid reconfiguration of the magnetotail in the form of Pi2 waves in the night-side region. The analysis of energetic particle flux at ionospheric height (500 km) shows a direct connection between the ULF wave activity and particle precipitation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/181260
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