Introduction: The Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI) is an interview-based scale developed to measure cognitive impairment and its impact on functioning in subjects with schizophrenia (SCZ). Previous studies demonstrated good psychometric properties of the CAI. However, only relatively small samples of SCZ were investigated. This study aimed to determine in a large sample of SCZ (N = 580) the relationships of the Italian Version of the CAI with measures of cognitive performance and functional capacity and real-life functioning, using state-of-the-art instruments. Methods: Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Cronbach's alpha were calculated to examine the CAI's inter-rater reliability and internal consistency. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to evaluate relationships between CAI global and domain composite scores with neurocognition, social cognition, functional capacity, and functioning. Results: The inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were good to excellent. The CAI global composite score showed a strong correlation with the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) composite score (r = −0.50) and moderate/strong associations with measures of functional capacity (−0.46 < r < −0.52) and real-life functioning (−0.30 < r < −0.51). Finally, CAI composite social cognition score correlated moderately with the Facial Emotion Identification Test (r = −0.31) and two subscales of the Awareness of Social Inference Test (−0.32 < r < −0.34). Conclusions: The study suggests that CAI is a valid co-primary measure for clinical trials and a suitable instrument to screen impairment in neurocognitive and social cognitive domains and its impact on functioning in SCZ in everyday clinical practice.

The Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI): Association with neuropsychological scores and real-life functioning in a large sample of Italian subjects with schizophrenia

Rossi A.;
2022

Abstract

Introduction: The Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI) is an interview-based scale developed to measure cognitive impairment and its impact on functioning in subjects with schizophrenia (SCZ). Previous studies demonstrated good psychometric properties of the CAI. However, only relatively small samples of SCZ were investigated. This study aimed to determine in a large sample of SCZ (N = 580) the relationships of the Italian Version of the CAI with measures of cognitive performance and functional capacity and real-life functioning, using state-of-the-art instruments. Methods: Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Cronbach's alpha were calculated to examine the CAI's inter-rater reliability and internal consistency. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to evaluate relationships between CAI global and domain composite scores with neurocognition, social cognition, functional capacity, and functioning. Results: The inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were good to excellent. The CAI global composite score showed a strong correlation with the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) composite score (r = −0.50) and moderate/strong associations with measures of functional capacity (−0.46 < r < −0.52) and real-life functioning (−0.30 < r < −0.51). Finally, CAI composite social cognition score correlated moderately with the Facial Emotion Identification Test (r = −0.31) and two subscales of the Awareness of Social Inference Test (−0.32 < r < −0.34). Conclusions: The study suggests that CAI is a valid co-primary measure for clinical trials and a suitable instrument to screen impairment in neurocognitive and social cognitive domains and its impact on functioning in SCZ in everyday clinical practice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/181833
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