OBJECTIVES: A catabolic state and a progressive body weight loss are a well-documented hallmark of Huntington Disease (HD). No study is still available on the effectiveness of intensive in-hospital rehabilitation in HD patients with low body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Twenty HD patients with low BMI value were enrolled in this study. Disease severity was assessed before and after rehabilitation by the Barthel Index, the Total Functional Capacity Scale, and the Physical Performance Test. RESULTS: BMI-scores correlated with clinical measures before and after rehabilitation. All patients showed an improvement in outcome measures (p<0.001), and an increase in BMI values (p<0.001) after rehabilitation. Effectiveness of rehabilitation correlated with the values of BMI assessed before reheducational programs (p=0.024) and with BMI values observed in each patient in the three months before admission to hospital (p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the current study show that the effectiveness of the rehabilitation is positively correlated with the BMI values and confirm the efficacy of in-hospital intensive rehabilitation as a valid strategy finalized to improve neuromotor performances and global functional recovery even in HD patients with low BMI and at risk of malnutrition.

Rehabilitation outcomes in Huntington disease patients with low body mass index

Ciancarelli I.
;
Morone G.;Tozzi Ciancarelli M. G.
2022

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: A catabolic state and a progressive body weight loss are a well-documented hallmark of Huntington Disease (HD). No study is still available on the effectiveness of intensive in-hospital rehabilitation in HD patients with low body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Twenty HD patients with low BMI value were enrolled in this study. Disease severity was assessed before and after rehabilitation by the Barthel Index, the Total Functional Capacity Scale, and the Physical Performance Test. RESULTS: BMI-scores correlated with clinical measures before and after rehabilitation. All patients showed an improvement in outcome measures (p<0.001), and an increase in BMI values (p<0.001) after rehabilitation. Effectiveness of rehabilitation correlated with the values of BMI assessed before reheducational programs (p=0.024) and with BMI values observed in each patient in the three months before admission to hospital (p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the current study show that the effectiveness of the rehabilitation is positively correlated with the BMI values and confirm the efficacy of in-hospital intensive rehabilitation as a valid strategy finalized to improve neuromotor performances and global functional recovery even in HD patients with low BMI and at risk of malnutrition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/181920
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