The rod-outer-segment guanylyl cyclase 1 (ROS-GC1) is a key transmembrane protein for retinal phototransduction. Mutations of ROS-GC1 correlate with different retinal diseases that often lead to blindness. No structural data are available for ROS-GC1 so far. We performed a 3D-structural analysis of native ROS-GC1 from bovine retina by cross-linking/mass spectrometry (XL-MS) and computational modeling. Absolute quantification and activity measurements of native ROS-GC1 were performed by MS-based assays directly in bovine retina samples. Our data present the first 3D-structural analysis of active, full-length ROS-GC1 derived from bovine retina. We propose a novel domain organization for the intracellular domain ROS-GC1. Our XL-MS data of native ROS-GC1 from rod-outer-segment preparations of bovine retina agree with a dimeric architecture. Our integrated approach can serve as a blueprint for conducting 3D-structural studies of membrane proteins in their native environment.
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