High-resolution structural data of complexes between antibodies and membrane receptors still represent a demanding task. In this study, we used complementary sets of experimental data to obtain a structural model of the complex formed by the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and its specific nanobody A10. First we identified by NMR the residues that bind or rearrange as a consequence of the complex formation. In parallel, the complex was cross-linked, digested and the resulting peptides were characterized by mass-spectrometry to define maximal distance restraints between HER2 and A10 amino acids in their complex. These independent datasets guided a docking process, refined by molecular dynamics simulations, to develop a model of the complex and estimate per-residue free-energy contributions. Such a model explains the experimental data and identifies a second, non-canonical paratope, located in the region opposite to the conventional nanobody paratope, formed by the hypervariable loop regions LH1 and LH3. Both paratopes contributed substantially to the overall affinity by binding to independent HER2 epitopes. Nanobody mutants with substitution of key interaction residues, as indicated by the model, possess significantly lower affinity for HER2. This is the first described case of a “natural” biparatopic nanobody, directly selected by in-vitro panning.

An anti-HER2 nanobody binds to its antigen HER2 via two independent paratopes

Iacobucci C.;de Marco A.
2021

Abstract

High-resolution structural data of complexes between antibodies and membrane receptors still represent a demanding task. In this study, we used complementary sets of experimental data to obtain a structural model of the complex formed by the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and its specific nanobody A10. First we identified by NMR the residues that bind or rearrange as a consequence of the complex formation. In parallel, the complex was cross-linked, digested and the resulting peptides were characterized by mass-spectrometry to define maximal distance restraints between HER2 and A10 amino acids in their complex. These independent datasets guided a docking process, refined by molecular dynamics simulations, to develop a model of the complex and estimate per-residue free-energy contributions. Such a model explains the experimental data and identifies a second, non-canonical paratope, located in the region opposite to the conventional nanobody paratope, formed by the hypervariable loop regions LH1 and LH3. Both paratopes contributed substantially to the overall affinity by binding to independent HER2 epitopes. Nanobody mutants with substitution of key interaction residues, as indicated by the model, possess significantly lower affinity for HER2. This is the first described case of a “natural” biparatopic nanobody, directly selected by in-vitro panning.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/182235
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