Purpose: Autoimmunity has been implicated in some patients with idiopathic chronic urticaria (CU). Because of the frequency of autoimmune thyroid diseases, their association with CU deserves special attention. We tested both the existence and the extent of an association between thyroid autoimmunity and CU. Methods: A thorough search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases was performed. Studies reporting the positivity rate for anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAbs) in people with (cases) and without CU (controls) were included. Quality of the studies was assessed by the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed by Cochrane Q and I2 tests, and the odds ratio (OR) for TPOAbs positivity was combined using random-effects models. Results: Nineteen studies provided information about TPOAbs positivity on 14,351 patients with CU and 12,404 controls. The pooled estimate indicated a more than fivefold increased risk of exhibiting TPOAbs positivity in the group with CU (pooled OR 5.18, 95% CI 3.27, 8.22; P < 0.00001). Correction for publication bias had a negligible effect on the overall estimate (pooled adjusted OR: 4.42, 95% CI 2.84, 6.87, P < 0.0001). Between‑study heterogeneity was established (I2 = 62%, Pfor heterogeneity = 0.0002) and when, according to meta‑regression models, a sensitivity analysis was restricted to the 16 studies with the highest quality scores, the OR for TPOAbs positivity rose to 6.72 (95% CI 4.56, 9.89; P < 0.00001) with no significant heterogeneity (I2 = 31%, Pfor heterogeneity = 0.11). Conclusions: Patients with CU have a five-to-nearly sevenfold higher risk of displaying TPOAbs positivity. All patients with CU may well be offered a screening for thyroid autoimmunity.

Chronic urticaria and thyroid autoimmunity: a meta-analysis of case–control studies

Tienforti D.;Di Giulio F.;Spagnolo L.;Castellini C.;Totaro M.;Muselli M.;Francavilla S.;Baroni M. G.;Barbonetti A.
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Autoimmunity has been implicated in some patients with idiopathic chronic urticaria (CU). Because of the frequency of autoimmune thyroid diseases, their association with CU deserves special attention. We tested both the existence and the extent of an association between thyroid autoimmunity and CU. Methods: A thorough search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases was performed. Studies reporting the positivity rate for anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAbs) in people with (cases) and without CU (controls) were included. Quality of the studies was assessed by the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed by Cochrane Q and I2 tests, and the odds ratio (OR) for TPOAbs positivity was combined using random-effects models. Results: Nineteen studies provided information about TPOAbs positivity on 14,351 patients with CU and 12,404 controls. The pooled estimate indicated a more than fivefold increased risk of exhibiting TPOAbs positivity in the group with CU (pooled OR 5.18, 95% CI 3.27, 8.22; P < 0.00001). Correction for publication bias had a negligible effect on the overall estimate (pooled adjusted OR: 4.42, 95% CI 2.84, 6.87, P < 0.0001). Between‑study heterogeneity was established (I2 = 62%, Pfor heterogeneity = 0.0002) and when, according to meta‑regression models, a sensitivity analysis was restricted to the 16 studies with the highest quality scores, the OR for TPOAbs positivity rose to 6.72 (95% CI 4.56, 9.89; P < 0.00001) with no significant heterogeneity (I2 = 31%, Pfor heterogeneity = 0.11). Conclusions: Patients with CU have a five-to-nearly sevenfold higher risk of displaying TPOAbs positivity. All patients with CU may well be offered a screening for thyroid autoimmunity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/182292
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