Background: Diclofenac 3% gel is a widely used topical treatment with proven efficacy in reducing the burden of Actinic Keratosis (AK), however clinical benefit might not fully translate in clinical practice as non-adherence is substantial for prolonged treatment regimens. We evaluated the efficacy of an integrated low-intensity intervention program versus standard-of-care on treatment adherence among patients with multiple AK receiving diclofenac in hyaluronic acid gel 3%. Methods: We designed an open label, randomized, parallel group, interventional, multicenter, longitudinal cohort study including patients with multiple, grade I/II AKs. Visits were scheduled for end of treatment (T4), follow-up 1 (T5) and follow-up 2 (T6) at 90, 180 and 365 days from baseline, respectively. Patients in the intervention group received additional visits at 30 and 60 days from baseline, a brief health education intervention, an enhanced patient-physician communication, a weekly SMS reminder to medication prescriptions. Results: Patients were equally allocated between intervention (intervention group [IG], N=86) and control group (CG, N=86); at baseline, both groups had similar socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Change scores from baseline showed a slight increment in quality of life related to AK in both groups (CG: ΔT4 - T1=-0.079; IG: ΔT4 - T1=-0.006; p=0.39) and in quality of physicianpatient interaction reported by IG (ΔT3 - T2=0.18; p<.0001). Adherence rate was not statistically different between IG and CG (28.4% vs 40.7%; p=0.11). Patients reported similar satisfaction for effectiveness, convenience and side effects of treatment. Clinical conditions improved over time and results did not differ between groups; complete clearance rate at 1 year was 18% and 29% for CG and IG, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings showed no difference in adherence rate between the two groups, suggesting that enhanced follow-up interventions and health care education may not be sufficient drivers to promote adherence among this clinical population. Further studies are needed to explore barriers to adherence with treatments for AKs.
|Titolo:||Treatment adherence with diclofenac 3% gel among patients with multiple actinic keratoses: an integrated low-intensity intervention program versus standard-of-care|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|