The separation of racemic derivatized amino acids (N-acetyl) into their enantiomers was achieved using capillary zone electrophoresis employing vancomycin as a chiral selector. Due to the strong absorption properties of the chiral selector at the low wavelengths used, the partial-filling countercurrent method was adopted in order to improve method sensitivity. In the separation system studied, the chiral selector filled only a part of the capillary and, due to the appropriate selection of the pH, was moving in the opposite direction of the analytes keeping the detector free from absorbing compounds. The effect of several experimental parameters on the enantioresolution of analytes was studied, e.g., vancomycin concentration (0–5 mM), pH of the background electrolyte (pH 4–7), capillary temperature (15–35C), and the presence of an organic modifier in the run buffer (methanol or ethanol or n-propanol). N-Acetyl glutamic acid, serine, cystine, tyrosine, and proline were all baseline-resolved into their enantiomers and the enantioresolution factor (Rs) was increased by raising the vancomycin concentration. pH 4 allowed the baseline resolution of the five studied analytes in the presence of 2.5 mM of chiral selector and an increase in pH caused a decrease of Rs.

Enantioseparation of amino acid derivatives by capillary zone electrophoresis using vancomycin as chiral selector

CRUCIANELLI, MARCELLO;DE ANGELIS, Francesco;
2002-01-01

Abstract

The separation of racemic derivatized amino acids (N-acetyl) into their enantiomers was achieved using capillary zone electrophoresis employing vancomycin as a chiral selector. Due to the strong absorption properties of the chiral selector at the low wavelengths used, the partial-filling countercurrent method was adopted in order to improve method sensitivity. In the separation system studied, the chiral selector filled only a part of the capillary and, due to the appropriate selection of the pH, was moving in the opposite direction of the analytes keeping the detector free from absorbing compounds. The effect of several experimental parameters on the enantioresolution of analytes was studied, e.g., vancomycin concentration (0–5 mM), pH of the background electrolyte (pH 4–7), capillary temperature (15–35C), and the presence of an organic modifier in the run buffer (methanol or ethanol or n-propanol). N-Acetyl glutamic acid, serine, cystine, tyrosine, and proline were all baseline-resolved into their enantiomers and the enantioresolution factor (Rs) was increased by raising the vancomycin concentration. pH 4 allowed the baseline resolution of the five studied analytes in the presence of 2.5 mM of chiral selector and an increase in pH caused a decrease of Rs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/18341
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