This review is focused on the basal forebrain (BFB) cholinergic system, cholinergic receptors and cholinoceptive target areas such as the neocortex, all of which are intimately involved in high cognitive functions and synaptic plasticity. The neurons of the BFB synthesize acetylcholine (ACh) whose action is mediated by two subclasses of receptors, namely nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. Using the visual system as a model, the aim here is to integrate and discuss the current knowledge on anatomy, ontogeny and function of the BFB cholinergic system. This signaling system represents the anatomo-functional basis of ACh action on neuronal network, neuronal plasticity and cognitive functions. Cholinergic system role on higher brain functions has received increasing attention since the first observation of A. Alzheimer (1907) reporting dramatic changes of the BFB cholinergic neuro-anatomy in one of the most devastating neUrodegenerative diseases of adult brain, i.e. Alzheirner's disease (AD). In addition to this observation, later work demonstrated its participation in deep re-arrangements of brain connectivity such as the regulation of neuronal plasticity during maturation of cortical sensory maps, in adult and aged brain.

THE ROLE OF CHOLINERGIC SYSTEM IN NEURONAL PLASTICITY: FOCUS ON VISUAL CORTEX AND MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS

DOMENICI, LUCIANO
2008-01-01

Abstract

This review is focused on the basal forebrain (BFB) cholinergic system, cholinergic receptors and cholinoceptive target areas such as the neocortex, all of which are intimately involved in high cognitive functions and synaptic plasticity. The neurons of the BFB synthesize acetylcholine (ACh) whose action is mediated by two subclasses of receptors, namely nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. Using the visual system as a model, the aim here is to integrate and discuss the current knowledge on anatomy, ontogeny and function of the BFB cholinergic system. This signaling system represents the anatomo-functional basis of ACh action on neuronal network, neuronal plasticity and cognitive functions. Cholinergic system role on higher brain functions has received increasing attention since the first observation of A. Alzheimer (1907) reporting dramatic changes of the BFB cholinergic neuro-anatomy in one of the most devastating neUrodegenerative diseases of adult brain, i.e. Alzheirner's disease (AD). In addition to this observation, later work demonstrated its participation in deep re-arrangements of brain connectivity such as the regulation of neuronal plasticity during maturation of cortical sensory maps, in adult and aged brain.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/18559
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