Background: Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of proximal humeral fractures treated with a new generation plating system and compare results with a meta-analysis of recent literature. Methods: Between 2014 and 2017, 93 patients (18 males, 75 females) with proximal humerus fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using a Pantera® Plate. These low-profile plates are anatomically shaped and include “cross-elements” that form a three-dimensional scaffold in bone to enhance fixation stability. According to Neer classification, there were 24 two-part fractures, 49 three-part fractures and 20 four-part fractures (4 with dislocated heads). X-rays and Constant Shoulder Scores (CSS) were used to evaluate healing, complications, and clinical outcomes. Results were compared with a meta-analysis of similar studies reported in literature over the last 10 years. Results: Eighty-three patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years had a mean CSS of 72 (53–90) graded as excellent for 23 patients (28%), good for 35 (42%), fair for 14 (17%), and poor for 11 (13%). Fractures healed without complication in 75 (91%) patients. Eight (9%) complications were observed, i.e., three avascular necrosis of the humeral head, one case of implant loosening, two cases of subacromial impingement and two superficial infections. There was no significant correlation between Neer fracture stage and patient outcome (p = 0.257). Compared to the literature, this method had a lower complication grade (p = 0.03), though it did not significantly differ in its clinical outcomes (p = 0.08). Conclusions: The investigated plating system includes design features that can potentially increase utility for ORIF of proximal humeral fractures. While the complication profile was signficantly less than reported in the literature for standard proximal humerus plates, clinical outcomes were similar. Further studies will be required to better understand the role of plate design on treatment of these challenging fractures. Level of evidence: IV, therapeutic study.

Proximal humeral fractures treated with a low-profile plate with enhanced fixation properties

Fidanza A.;Rossi C.;Necozione S.;Calvisi V.
2021

Abstract

Background: Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of proximal humeral fractures treated with a new generation plating system and compare results with a meta-analysis of recent literature. Methods: Between 2014 and 2017, 93 patients (18 males, 75 females) with proximal humerus fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using a Pantera® Plate. These low-profile plates are anatomically shaped and include “cross-elements” that form a three-dimensional scaffold in bone to enhance fixation stability. According to Neer classification, there were 24 two-part fractures, 49 three-part fractures and 20 four-part fractures (4 with dislocated heads). X-rays and Constant Shoulder Scores (CSS) were used to evaluate healing, complications, and clinical outcomes. Results were compared with a meta-analysis of similar studies reported in literature over the last 10 years. Results: Eighty-three patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years had a mean CSS of 72 (53–90) graded as excellent for 23 patients (28%), good for 35 (42%), fair for 14 (17%), and poor for 11 (13%). Fractures healed without complication in 75 (91%) patients. Eight (9%) complications were observed, i.e., three avascular necrosis of the humeral head, one case of implant loosening, two cases of subacromial impingement and two superficial infections. There was no significant correlation between Neer fracture stage and patient outcome (p = 0.257). Compared to the literature, this method had a lower complication grade (p = 0.03), though it did not significantly differ in its clinical outcomes (p = 0.08). Conclusions: The investigated plating system includes design features that can potentially increase utility for ORIF of proximal humeral fractures. While the complication profile was signficantly less than reported in the literature for standard proximal humerus plates, clinical outcomes were similar. Further studies will be required to better understand the role of plate design on treatment of these challenging fractures. Level of evidence: IV, therapeutic study.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/187613
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