The resistance of steel to corrosion is obtained with a number of industrial processes based on Zn galvanization. However, all these methods bear a relatively high price tag due to the cost of Zinc plates and electrolytes as well as the formation of hazardous wastewaters containing metals and acids. Wastewaters from Zn galvanization may be grouped into two main types: Mix of Rinse Water (MRW) and Spent Pickling Solutions (SPS). Ordinarily, these waters are mixed and sent for treatment by precipitation. As a result large volumes of galvanic sludge is formed, containing iron, calcium, sulphates and a relatively small quantity of zinc (<20 %), which makes Zn recovery not profitable. The experimental results presented in this article show that it is possible to use as a coagulant to treat the process wastewaters the spent pickling solution (SPS) from the process, kept separated and added with sodium hydroxide. This results in obtaining precipitates with Zn contents higher than 40%, which brings the further advantage of making Zn recovery profitable.

Wastewater treatment from galvanization industry with zinc recovery

Svetlana Zueva
;
Francesco Ferella;Nicolò M. Ippolito;Ida De Michelis
2021

Abstract

The resistance of steel to corrosion is obtained with a number of industrial processes based on Zn galvanization. However, all these methods bear a relatively high price tag due to the cost of Zinc plates and electrolytes as well as the formation of hazardous wastewaters containing metals and acids. Wastewaters from Zn galvanization may be grouped into two main types: Mix of Rinse Water (MRW) and Spent Pickling Solutions (SPS). Ordinarily, these waters are mixed and sent for treatment by precipitation. As a result large volumes of galvanic sludge is formed, containing iron, calcium, sulphates and a relatively small quantity of zinc (<20 %), which makes Zn recovery not profitable. The experimental results presented in this article show that it is possible to use as a coagulant to treat the process wastewaters the spent pickling solution (SPS) from the process, kept separated and added with sodium hydroxide. This results in obtaining precipitates with Zn contents higher than 40%, which brings the further advantage of making Zn recovery profitable.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/188215
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