Radiofrequency (RF) coils are employed to transmit and/or receive signals in Magnetic Resonance (MR) systems. The design of home-made, organ-specific RF coils with optimized homogeneity and/or Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) can be a plus in many research projects. The first step requires accurate inductance calculation, this depending on the conductor's geometry, to later define the tuning capacitor necessary to obtain the desired resonance frequency. To fulfil such a need it is very useful to perform a priori inductance estimation rather than relying on the time-consuming trial-and-error approach. This paper describes and compares two different procedures for coil inductance estimation to allow for a fast coil-prototyping process. The first method, based on calculations in the quasi-static approximation, permits an investigation on how the cross-sectional geometry of the RF coil conductors affects the total inductance and can be easily computed for a wide variety of coil geometries. The second approach uses a numerical full-wave method based on the Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) algorithm, and permits the simulation of RF coils with any complex geometry, including the case of multi-element phased array. Comparison with workbench measurements validates both the analytical and numerical results for RF coils operating within a wide field range (0.18-7 T).

A Practical Guide to Estimating Coil Inductance for Magnetic Resonance Applications

Rizza, C;Alecci, M
2022

Abstract

Radiofrequency (RF) coils are employed to transmit and/or receive signals in Magnetic Resonance (MR) systems. The design of home-made, organ-specific RF coils with optimized homogeneity and/or Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) can be a plus in many research projects. The first step requires accurate inductance calculation, this depending on the conductor's geometry, to later define the tuning capacitor necessary to obtain the desired resonance frequency. To fulfil such a need it is very useful to perform a priori inductance estimation rather than relying on the time-consuming trial-and-error approach. This paper describes and compares two different procedures for coil inductance estimation to allow for a fast coil-prototyping process. The first method, based on calculations in the quasi-static approximation, permits an investigation on how the cross-sectional geometry of the RF coil conductors affects the total inductance and can be easily computed for a wide variety of coil geometries. The second approach uses a numerical full-wave method based on the Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) algorithm, and permits the simulation of RF coils with any complex geometry, including the case of multi-element phased array. Comparison with workbench measurements validates both the analytical and numerical results for RF coils operating within a wide field range (0.18-7 T).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/190662
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