Central Italy is characterized by complex orography. The territorial response to heavy precipitation may activate different processes in terms of hydrogeological hazards. Floods, flash floods, and wet mass movements are the main ground effects triggered by heavy or persistent rainfall. The main aim of this work is to present a unique tool that is based on a distributed hydrological model, able to predict different rainfall-induced phenomena, and essential for the civil protection early warning activity. The Cetemps Hydrological Model is applied to the detection of hydrologically stressed areas over a spatial domain covering the central part of Italy during a weather event that occurred in 2014. The validation of three hydrological stress indices is proposed over a geographical area of approximately 64,500 km2 that includes catchments of varying size and physiography. The indices were used to identify areas subject to floods, flash floods, or landslides. Main results showed very high accuracies (~90%) for all proposed indices, with flood false alarms growing downstream to larger basins, but very close to zero in most cases. The three indices can give complementary information about the predominant phenomenon and are able to distinguish fluvial floods from pluvial floods. Nevertheless, the results were influenced by the presence of artificial reservoirs that regulated flood wave propagation, therefore, indices timing slightly worsen downstream in larger basins.
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